Jorge tells Rute about all the bad luck he’s had lately. As a pronunciation challenge, see if you can notice all the similar sounding words (i.e. Minimal Pairs) spread throughout the dialogue.
Adriana tells Nuno about how her last relationship ended. Verbs practice: irregular verbs in the simple past
Explore the difference between the verbs dizer, falar, and contar in this dialogue between a brother and sister.
Jorge tells Soraia about meeting up with an old “friend” over the weekend. Notice the use of many regular and irregular verbs in the simple past tense.
Joana had a wonderful weekend! Listen for the simple past tense as she describes all the fun she had with her family.
In this learning note, we’ll discuss the pretérito imperfeito do indicativo Play normal audio , which is the Portuguese equivalent to the past continuous tense in English grammar (a.k.a. the past progressive). For simplicity, we’ll refer to it as the Imperfeito Play slow audio Play normal audio Imperfect.
This tense is used to describe something that took place in the past that was ongoing or did not have a clear endpoint. It imparts this idea of continuity that the other pretéritos Play slow audio Play normal audio past tenses don’t have, which makes it ideal to narrate past events, as well as to describe past habits.
The first sentence mixes the Pretérito Perfeito Play slow audio Play normal audio Simple Past (fui picado) with the Imperfeito Play slow audio Play normal audio Imperfect (dormia). We’ll compare both tenses further below in this article.
Conjugating Verbs in the Imperfeito
Conjugating regular verbs in the Imperfeito:
|-ar verb ending||-er/-ir verb ending|
Three examples of irregular verbs in the Imperfeito:
-ER Verbs in the Simple Past
Regular verbs in the -ER group include escrever Play slow audio Play normal audio to write and correr Play slow audio Play normal audio to run. Let’s see how they would be conjugated in the pretérito perfeito Play slow audio Play normal audio simple past:
As with the present tense, conjugating regular Portuguese verbs in this tense is easier once you learn the patterns for each verb group.
Examples of some regular verbs in the -AR group include falar Play slow audio Play normal audio to speak, gostar Play slow audio Play normal audio to like, and andar Play slow audio Play normal audio to walk.
Let’s see the conjugations for the latter: