Explore the differences between the verbs ser and estar, as well as some useful adjectives, as Adriano tells us about each member of his family.
Leonor has a test on opposite words tomorrow, so she asks her father to help her study while they walk home from school. Throughout their practice, you’ll learn lots of Portuguese adjectives, plus many examples of when to use ser vs. estar.
Daniela is worried about her relationship and goes to her friend Zeca for advice.
Petra is planning a road trip across the United States. She excitedly tells Flávio about all the preparations.
Comprido vs Longo in Portuguese
When it comes to qualifying something according to length, you might come across these three Portuguese adjectives:
longo, comprido e curto Play slow audio Play normal audio long, long, and short
When comparing comprido vs longo, you’ll notice that they both mean long, but they tend to be used in different contexts. Let’s take a closer look at each of the three adjectives below.
Due to the similarity to the English word long, you might be tempted to always use this one, so you have to be careful. We mainly use longo Play slow audio Play normal audio long when qualifying distances or periods of time.
Não faço planos a longo-prazo Play slow audio Play normal audio I don’t make long-term plans
Foi uma longa reunião Play slow audio Play normal audio It was a long meeting
A distância é longa até Madrid Play slow audio Play normal audio It’s a long distance to Madrid
In Portuguese, adjectives change form depending on the gender and number of the noun. Similarly to English, they can also be expressed in different : Positive Degree This is the basic form of each adjective. We use it to qualify a noun without making any comparisons. Comparative Degree You use the comparative degree to… you […]
Portugal is a country of food lovers, so we use a lot of different expressions to describe the food we eat and how we feel about eating it. The 2 ways to say “I’m hungry” in Portuguese are:
Hunger and Satisfaction
For starters, instead of saying I am hungry, in Portugal we start thinking about food when we have hunger or when we are with hunger. In Portuguese, this translates to:
- ter fome Play slow audio Play normal audio feeling hungry (to have hunger) or estar com fome Play slow audio Play normal audio being hungry (to be with hunger)
If you’re really feeling quite peckish, you can say:
- Estou esfomeado Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m famished or even Estou a morrer de fome Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m dying to eat
We take our hunger very seriously…
Once we’re full, we say:
Adjectives are words that describe or qualify nouns. They can be adjetivos simples Play slow audio Play normal audio simple adjectives if they’re just one word, or adjetivos compostos Play slow audio Play normal audio compound adjectives if formed by two or more elements, usually (but not always) connected by a hyphen (-).
Simple Portuguese Adjectives
Compound Portuguese Adjectives
More compound adjectives:
Bored out of his mind, Pedro accepts João’s suggestion to watch a movie, but wants to know everything about it before it even begins.
Sr. Alberto and Sr. Osório catch up with each other and have a lighthearted conversation.
Miguel tells João about his new job working at a restaurant.
Patrícia has a major headache after completing another big project at work.
What’s the difference between mau and mal? What about bom and bem? These pairs of Portuguese words are very similar in meaning, but they’re not interchangeable. It comes down to understanding the difference between adjectives and adverbs and how they are used in Portuguese.
Good and bad are adjectives, which modify nouns (people / places / things). In Portuguese, adjectives must agree with the noun in gender and number:
Well and badly are adverbs, which modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs are invariable, so the same words are used regardless of the gender and number of the noun.
Which One Do I Use?
Bom / Boa vs. Bem
Let’s look at these examples to illustrate the difference between bom/boa (adjectives) and bem (adverb).
Adjetivos Play slow audio Play normal audio Adjectives are words that describe a noun, assigning it a quality, state, appearance, or other property. (Adverbs are also used to describe, but instead of nouns, they modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.) In Portuguese, using adjectives requires that you consider the gender and number of the word being modified, as well as the word order of the sentence.
Many different types of words can fall into the category of adjectives, including colours, shapes, materials, and nationalities. They are the words that let us distinguish between concepts such as: