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Colours in Portuguese

December 12, 2020

Let’s explore some useful vocabulary: colours in Portuguese! Even if you’re not an artist, it helps to know as cores Play normal audio the colours. How else will you talk about all the beautiful tiles and buildings around you in Portugal? Plus, next time you’re shopping, you’ll have an easier time asking for what you need. You can even use colours to help you describe something when you forget a word.

Já Somos YouTubers!

We're YouTubers Now!

November 5, 2020

(NEW: Video and audio-only versions available) Have you been to the dentist lately? In this first-ever video podcast, we feature one of our latest Shorties and discuss useful vocabulary all about… teeth! While recording, we’re interrupted by some personal text messages that we reveal and deconstruct for your learning pleasure!

Os Tons do Português

Shades of Portuguese

October 6, 2020

We all have moments where we need some colourful language to express ourselves. (No, we’re not talking about swear words, that’s for another episode). Today we go through the whole colour spectrum while featuring the Shorty, “Um Lindo Bebé“. Do you know how to say your favourite colour in Portuguese?

Common Herbs & Spices in Portuguese Cuisine

June 24, 2020

Before we go any further, it’s best to explain the difference between ervas Play normal audio herbs and especiarias Play normal audio spices. Simply put, herbs are leaves while spices are seeds, bark, roots, and flowers. If you love food like we do, or want to understand the menu at a Portuguese restaurant, we think you’ll enjoy this guide to vocabulary for herbs and spices in Portuguese cooking. Thanks to Relish Portugal magazine for suggesting this great idea!

Depending on the type of herb, you can buy them in many different forms:

Learn Portuguese by Cooking

May 17, 2020

How about a lesson that ends in a tasty reward? For all you omnivores out there, let’s explore some vocabulary in context for different types of meat, vegetables, and other ingredients with these family receitas Play normal audio recipes contributed by one of our team members and his mother. Thanks Eduardo and Fernanda! 🙌

Learn the vocabulary in the ingredients list and then challenge yourself to remember it in the recipe steps.

Carolos à Moda da Beira-Alta (Beira-Alta Style Carolos)

Ingredients:

Segredos da Pronúncia Nativa

Secrets of Native Pronunciation

March 3, 2020

In this episode, we once again analyze record audio clips from our brave listeners! We listen to the Shorty, “À Busca de Doces“, and explore how to make your Portuguese sound more native with pronunciation subtleties and word choice. We also clarify some other challenging concepts, such as the differences between “aí, ali, & lá”.

Influência Árabe na Língua Portuguesa

Arabic Influence on the Portuguese Language

July 18, 2019

Have you ever wondered about the origins of the Portuguese language? Throughout history, the Iberian Peninsula was populated and governed by several different nations. This rich and fascinating blend of influences is reflected in both our language and our culture. (Note: This episode is a rare exception to our “Shorty” format, as it is about 5 minutes in duration)

Collective Numbers

May 8, 2019

Collective numbers are those that even in their singular form indicate a group of beings or things:

Eles são um quarteto famoso paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio They are a famous quartet

Sometimes they indicate the exact number of things in the group, as in the example above. A quarteto is a musical group of 4 people. Other times, they are more general:

Fractional Numbers

May 7, 2019

In this lesson, we’ll learn about quantificadores fraccionários paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fractional numbers, which define exact fractions, or parts, of a given thing. Let’s have a look:

List of Portuguese Fractional Numbers

Fractional numbers 1/2 – 1/10 Fractional numbers 1/11 – 1/19 Fractional numbers 1/20 – 1/1000
  • meio paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio half metade paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio half
  • terço paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio third
  • quarto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fourth
  • quinto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fifth
  • sexto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sixth
  • sétimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio seventh
  • oitavo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio eighth
  • nono paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio ninth
  • décimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio tenth
  • onze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio eleventh (part) undécimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio eleventh
  • doze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio twelfth(part) duodécimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio twelfth
  • treze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio thirteenth(part)
  • catorze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fourteenth(part)
  • quinze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fifteenth(part)
  • dezasseis avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sixteenth(part)
  • dezassete avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio seventeenth(part)
  • dezoito avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio eighteenth(part)
  • dezanove avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio nineteenth(part)
  • vinte avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio twentieth(part) vigésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio twentieth
  • trigésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio thirtieth
  • quadragésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fortieth
  • quinquagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fiftieth
  • sexagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sixtieth
  • septuagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio seventieth
  • octogésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio eightieth
  • nonagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio ninetieth
  • centésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio hundredth
  • milésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio thousandth

Multiplier Numbers

May 7, 2019

Multipliers define multiples of a given thing or person. Let’s have a look at a few:

  • duplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio double
  • dobro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio double, twice
  • triplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio triple
  • quádruplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quadruple
  • quíntuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quintuple
  • sêxtuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sextuple
  • sétuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio septuple

Multiplier numbers are always preceded by the definite article o, and they’re paired with the preposition de (or its prepositional contractions).

Tenho agora o dobro da tua idade. paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I am now twice your age.

Montemor tem agora o quádruplo dos habitantes. paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Montemor now has four times as many inhabitants.

Ordinal Numbers

May 7, 2019

Ordinal numbers tell us the order people, animals, or things take in a specific series:

A mulher foi a primeira a chegar paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio The woman was the first to arrive.

They are variable, meaning they must match the subject in gender and number. For example:

O homem foi o primeiro a chegar paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio The man was the first to arrive

Cardinal Numbers

May 7, 2019

What are cardinal numbers?

Cardinal numbers are basically regular ol’ numbers. They simply indicate the number of people, animals, or things.

Eu tenho três irmãos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I have three brothers

Ela tem dez pássaros paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio She has ten birds

Vocês compram vinte laranjas paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio You buy twenty oranges

They are invariable, except…

The majority of cardinal numbers are invariable, meaning they only have one form. There are a few important exceptions, however: um paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio one, dois paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio two and the centenas paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio hundreds, starting at 200, do change form depending on the gender of the noun. For example:

Introduction to Numbers in Portuguese

May 3, 2019

In this unit, we’ll learn about Portuguese numbers, known as números paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio numbers or numerais paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio numerals.

Números are just one type of quantificadores paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quantifiers, but they are so important that we thought they deserved their own unit. We’ll explore some of the other quantifiers in the How Much? How Many? unit. But for now, let’s go over the números, which simply tell us the specific, numeric amount of a particular something.

The 5 Types of Numbers:

A Portuguese Kitchen

February 28, 2019

Enjoying food is an important part of the culture of Portugal. Whether you’re buying groceries, ordering at a restaurant, or just talking about food, you’ll need to be comfortable with the basics of Portuguese cooking vocabulary. To start, let’s focus on some of the things you might find in a Portuguese kitchen. Food Storage There […]

Food Groups

February 27, 2019

Exploring food groups is a convenient way to help us learn European Portuguese food vocabulary in a more organized way.

Dairy Products

First let’s look at some laticínios paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dairy products

  • o leite paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio milk
  • o iogurte paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio yogurt
  • o queijo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cheese
  • a manteiga paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio butter
  • o gelado paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio ice cream
  • a nata paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cream

Leite, iogurte, and queijo are a part of many Portuguese people’s breakfasts and snacks. Queijo, in particular, is very important and there are several tasty varieties. As for leite, there are 3 main types:

  • Leite magro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Skimmed milk – Very low fat content
  • Leite meio-gordo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Semi-skimmed milk – Medium fat content
  • Leite gordo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Whole milk – High fat content

Talking About Food

February 23, 2019

Portugal is a country of food lovers, so we use a lot of different expressions to describe the food we eat and how we feel about eating it. The 2 ways to say “I’m hungry” in Portuguese are:

Estou com fomeI’m hungry | Tenho fome paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m hungry

Hunger and Satisfaction

I’m Hungry!

For starters, instead of saying I am hungry, in Portugal we start thinking about food when we have hunger or when we are with hunger. In Portuguese, this translates to:

  • ter fome paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio feeling hungry (to have hunger) or estar com fome paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio being hungry (to be with hunger)

If you’re really feeling quite peckish, you can say:

  • Estou esfomeado paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m famished or even Estou a morrer de fome paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m dying to eat

We take our hunger very seriously…

Tenho fome. O que há para comer? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m hungry. What’s there to eat?

Vamos depressa, eu estou a morrer de fome! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Let’s go quickly, I’m dying to eat!

I’m Full!

Once we’re full, we say:

  • Estou cheio paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m full
  • or the more elegant alternative Estou satisfeito paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m satisfied
  • or the rare Estou saciado paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m satiated

Adverbs of Time

February 20, 2019

In this lesson, we’ll look at more examples of advérbios de tempo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio adverbs of time

Remember: adverbs of time are always invariable, meaning they do not change form to match the gender or number of the word they reference.

Cedo

cedo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio early

Tenho uma consulta de manhã cedo. paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I have an appointment early in the morning.

Chegaste muito cedo. paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio You’re very early.

Tarde

tarde paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio late

Polite Expressions

January 31, 2019

Just like its people, the Portuguese language is very courteous. Below are just some of the many polite phrases used to express basic, everyday courtesy in Portuguese. A little kindness goes a long way, especially when you’re struggling to communicate in a new language! This guide covers the most important phrases, but there are also many others that will help get you started in simple conversations or greet people properly throughout the day.

Please

In Portuguese, please can be por favor paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio please or se faz favor paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio please. They’re both equally correct and used in the same situations.

We Portuguese tend to shorten words whenever we can. So don’t be confused if instead of se faz favor you hear ´faz favor in fast, informal speech.

Thank You

One of the most important polite phrases in Portuguese:

Dining Out In Portugal

October 27, 2018

Whether you’re just visiting or planning to live in Portugal, learning some food vocabulary is going to be pretty important! 😆  As part of our Cooking and Eating unit, this guide should give you a good introduction to dining out in Portugal, or, in other words: comer fora paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio going out to eat

Breakfast & Coffee

There are cafés paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cafés, coffee shops and pastelarias paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio bakeries, which are often part of the same establishment, for snacks and light meals. This is where you’ll go for um pequeno-almoço paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a breakfast or um lanche paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a snack

Perhaps you’ll ask for um café paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a coffee and the world-famous pastel de nata paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio custard tart. A pastel is usually a small tart or cake, which can be sweet, like the pastel de nata, or savoury, like the o pastel de bacalhau Play normal audio codfish cake. You’ll find a wide variety of delicious options to order at the pastelaria.

Unfortunately for those who like protein-rich breakfasts, it’s less common to find os ovos Play normal audio eggs on the traditional Portuguese breakfast menu, though they do appear in a number of dishes served later in the day.

There are many different typical coffee beverages in Portugal. If you just order um café paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a coffee you will receive an espresso, unless you specify otherwise. Some of the other most common options are:

Cabelos, Tesouras e Desilusões

Hair, Scissors, and Disappointments

October 22, 2018

Salvador and Mariana (– no, Adriana! –) visit a hair salon to freshen up their looks, but quickly find themselves in a hairy situation! In this episode, you’ll learn lots of new vocabulary and expressions that should come in handy the next time you find yourself going under the scissors…