In this video, you’ll learn how to order a coffee in Portugal, a task more complex than it seems! There are several types available and the lingo can vary from city to city. Don’t miss out on Portugal’s coffee culture, an essential part of daily life!
Let’s explore some useful vocabulary: colours in Portuguese! Even if you’re not an artist, it helps to know as cores Play normal audio the colours. How else will you talk about all the beautiful tiles and buildings around you in Portugal? Plus, next time you’re shopping, you’ll have an easier time asking for what you need. You can even use colours to help you describe something when you forget a word.
(NEW: Video and audio-only versions available) Have you been to the dentist lately? In this first-ever video podcast, we feature one of our latest Shorties and discuss useful vocabulary all about… teeth! While recording, we’re interrupted by some personal text messages that we reveal and deconstruct for your learning pleasure!
We all have moments where we need some colourful language to express ourselves. (No, we’re not talking about swear words, that’s for another episode). Today we go through the whole colour spectrum while featuring the Shorty, “Um Lindo Bebé“. Do you know how to say your favourite colour in Portuguese?
Before we go any further, it’s best to explain the difference between ervas Play normal audio herbs and especiarias Play normal audio spices. Simply put, herbs are leaves while spices are seeds, bark, roots, and flowers. If you love food like we do, or want to understand the menu at a Portuguese restaurant, we think you’ll enjoy this guide to vocabulary for herbs and spices in Portuguese cooking. Thanks to Relish Portugal magazine for suggesting this great idea!
Depending on the type of herb, you can buy them in many different forms:
How about a lesson that ends in a tasty reward? For all you omnivores out there, let’s explore some vocabulary in context for different types of meat, vegetables, and other ingredients with these family receitas Play normal audio recipes contributed by one of our team members and his mother. Thanks Eduardo and Fernanda! 🙌
Learn the vocabulary in the ingredients list and then challenge yourself to remember it in the recipe steps.
Carolos à Moda da Beira-Alta (Beira-Alta Style Carolos)
In this episode, we once again analyze record audio clips from our brave listeners! We listen to the Shorty, “À Busca de Doces“, and explore how to make your Portuguese sound more native with pronunciation subtleties and word choice. We also clarify some other challenging concepts, such as the differences between “aí, ali, & lá”.
Have you ever wondered about the origins of the Portuguese language? Throughout history, the Iberian Peninsula was populated and governed by several different nations. This rich and fascinating blend of influences is reflected in both our language and our culture. (Note: This episode is a rare exception to our “Shorty” format, as it is about 5 minutes in duration)
Learn how to order a coffee in Portugal, a task more complex than it seems! There are several types available and the lingo can vary from city to city. Don’t miss out on Portugal’s coffee culture, an essential part of daily life!
Collective numbers are those that even in their singular form indicate a group of beings or things:
Sometimes they indicate the exact number of things in the group, as in the example above. A quarteto is a musical group of 4 people. Other times, they are more general:
List of Portuguese Fractional Numbers
Multipliers define multiples of a given thing or person. Let’s have a look at a few:
- duplo Play slow audio Play normal audio double
- dobro Play slow audio Play normal audio double, twice
- triplo Play slow audio Play normal audio triple
- quádruplo Play slow audio Play normal audio quadruple
- quíntuplo Play slow audio Play normal audio quintuple
- sêxtuplo Play slow audio Play normal audio sextuple
- sétuplo Play slow audio Play normal audio septuple
Ordinal numbers tell us the order people, animals, or things take in a specific series:
They are variable, meaning they must match the subject in gender and number. For example:
What are cardinal numbers?
Cardinal numbers are basically regular ol’ numbers. They simply indicate the number of people, animals, or things.
They are invariable, except…
The majority of cardinal numbers are invariable, meaning they only have one form. There are a few important exceptions, however: um Play slow audio Play normal audio one, dois Play slow audio Play normal audio two and the centenas Play slow audio Play normal audio hundreds, starting at 200, do change form depending on the gender of the noun. For example:
Números are just one type of quantificadores Play slow audio Play normal audio quantifiers, but they are so important that we thought they deserved their own unit. We’ll explore some of the other quantifiers in the How Much? How Many? unit. But for now, let’s go over the números, which simply tell us the specific, numeric amount of a particular something.
The 5 Types of Numbers:
Enjoying food is an important part of the culture of Portugal. Whether you’re buying groceries, ordering at a restaurant, or just talking about food, you’ll need to be comfortable with the basics of Portuguese cooking vocabulary. To start, let’s focus on some of the things you might find in a Portuguese kitchen. Food Storage There […]
Exploring food groups is a convenient way to help us learn European Portuguese food vocabulary in a more organized way.
- o leite Play slow audio Play normal audio milk
- o iogurte Play slow audio Play normal audio yogurt
- o queijo Play slow audio Play normal audio cheese
- a manteiga Play slow audio Play normal audio butter
- o gelado Play slow audio Play normal audio ice cream
- a nata Play slow audio Play normal audio cream
Leite, iogurte, and queijo are a part of many Portuguese people’s breakfasts and snacks. Queijo, in particular, is very important and there are several tasty varieties. As for leite, there are 3 main types:
Portugal is a country of food lovers, so we use a lot of different expressions to describe the food we eat and how we feel about eating it. The 2 ways to say “I’m hungry” in Portuguese are:
Hunger and Satisfaction
For starters, instead of saying I am hungry, in Portugal we start thinking about food when we have hunger or when we are with hunger. In Portuguese, this translates to:
- ter fome Play slow audio Play normal audio feeling hungry (to have hunger) or estar com fome Play slow audio Play normal audio being hungry (to be with hunger)
If you’re really feeling quite peckish, you can say:
- Estou esfomeado Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m famished or even Estou a morrer de fome Play slow audio Play normal audio I’m dying to eat
We take our hunger very seriously…
Once we’re full, we say:
Remember: adverbs of time are always invariable, meaning they do not change form to match the gender or number of the word they reference.
Just like its people, the Portuguese language is very courteous. Below are just some of the many polite phrases used to express basic, everyday courtesy in Portuguese. A little kindness goes a long way, especially when you’re struggling to communicate in a new language! This guide covers the most important phrases, but there are also many others that will help get you started in simple conversations or greet people properly throughout the day.
We Portuguese tend to shorten words whenever we can. So don’t be confused if instead of se faz favor you hear ´faz favor in fast, informal speech.
One of the most important polite phrases in Portuguese:
Two friends get together for a conversation and run into some “false friends” (false cognates), leading to a nice teaching moment!
Whether you’re just visiting or planning to live in Portugal, learning some food vocabulary is going to be pretty important! 😆 As part of our Cooking and Eating unit, this guide should give you a good introduction to dining out in Portugal, or, in other words: comer fora Play slow audio Play normal audio going out to eat
Breakfast & Coffee
There are cafés Play slow audio Play normal audio cafés, coffee shops and pastelarias Play slow audio Play normal audio bakeries, which are often part of the same establishment, for snacks and light meals. This is where you’ll go for um pequeno-almoço Play slow audio Play normal audio a breakfast or um lanche Play slow audio Play normal audio a snack
Perhaps you’ll ask for um café Play slow audio Play normal audio a coffee and the world-famous pastel de nata Play slow audio Play normal audio custard tart. A pastel is usually a small tart or cake, which can be sweet, like the pastel de nata, or savoury, like the o pastel de bacalhau Play normal audio codfish cake. You’ll find a wide variety of delicious options to order at the pastelaria.
Unfortunately for those who like protein-rich breakfasts, it’s less common to find os ovos Play normal audio eggs on the traditional Portuguese breakfast menu, though they do appear in a number of dishes served later in the day.
There are many different typical coffee beverages in Portugal. If you just order um café Play slow audio Play normal audio a coffee you will receive an espresso, unless you specify otherwise. Some of the other most common options are:
Salvador and Mariana (– no, Adriana! –) visit a hair salon to freshen up their looks, but quickly find themselves in a hairy situation! In this episode, you’ll learn lots of new vocabulary and expressions that should come in handy the next time you find yourself going under the scissors…