Making negative statements in Portuguese is fairly easy. For the most part, to make a sentence negative, you can just place the word não before the verb, which is the equivalent of both no and not. Examples: Não is also used at the beginning of sentences, when replying to a question: But there are also three […]Read More ›
When someone yells or a doctor says , there’s one thing they’re doing in common: using the imperative mood, or imperativo in Portuguese. There are 2 types of imperatives, the affirmative and the negative, shown below respectively. Regular Verbs in the Imperative The imperativo can be thought of as the verb tense used for giving […]Read More ›
A challenging part of learning Portuguese is realizing that some words need to be adjusted to agree with the gender and number of the people or objects we are talking about. Right now, we’ll take a look at which types of words change, and which ones stay the same. Invariable and Variable Classes of Words The […]Read More ›
Whether you’re just visiting or planning to live in Portugal, learning some food vocabulary is going to be pretty important! 😆 Let’s start with … Breakfast & Coffee There are and , which are often part of the same establishment, for snacks and light meals. This is where you’ll go for or . Perhaps you’ll […]Read More ›
There are 3 essential conjunctions that you’ll need to start forming more complex sentences: These 3 are called coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas), because they combine multiple independent phrases into one. You’ll learn more conjunctions later, but for now, we’ll start with these 3 essentials. 1) “E” = “And” The conjunction e is an additive, or copulative, […]Read More ›
These two pairs of words are very similar, but they’re not interchangeable. Adjectives Good and bad are adjectives, which modify nouns (people / places / things). In Portuguese, adjectives must agree with the noun in gender and number: Adverbs Well and badly are adverbs, which modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Adverbs are invariable, so […]Read More ›
Portuguese has several to indicate the relative position of a person or object. Five of them are particularly useful to learn: cá, aqui, aí, ali and lá. In short, cá and aqui both mean here. Aí, lá and ali mean there. Below we’ll explore the finer differences between each of these words: Using Cá vs. Aqui For […]Read More ›
When we talk about actions that are happening right at the time of speaking, we use the present continuous. To tackle this topic, it’s helpful to first take a look at how it works in English… Here’s how present continuous looks when talking about yourself: I am + verb ending in -ing “I am” comes from […]Read More ›
The English simple past (eg. “I went…”) corresponds to the Portuguese Pretérito Perfeito.
As with the present tense, conjugating regular Portuguese verbs in this tense is easier once you learn the patterns for each verb group.
Examples of the regular verbs in this -AR group are falar
to speak, gostar
to like and andar
Below are the three main methods to talk about a future fact or inevitability:
Just like in English, Portuguese uses the verb ir
to go, followed by a verb in its infinitive form, to discuss the future.
Aside from very formal or literary contexts, this method is the most common. It’s also probably the easiest, because as long as you can conjugate “ir” in the present tense, you just need to know the next verb’s infinitive form, (“correr” and “chegar” in the examples below).
The following three simple words are used to express quantities in Portuguese: When describing items you can count (which usually end in “-s” in English as well as Portuguese), muito, pouco and algum all change according to gender and quantity: With uncountable nouns (such as virtues, qualities, or time, which usually don’t end is “-s” in […]Read More ›
As mentioned, verbs are split into three groups: Group 1: verbs ending in -AR Group 2: verbs ending in -ER Group 3: verbs ending in -IR Now we’ll deal with the 2nd group: ER Verb Endings Some examples of regular -ER verbs include , and . Below, have a look at the endings (-o, -es, […]Read More ›
In Portuguese, verbs are split into three groups: Group 1: verbs ending in -AR Group 2: verbs ending in -ER Group 3: verbs ending in -IR In this article, we’ll cover the first group. Common verbs ending in -AR include , and . When the conjugation is regular, the endings of conjugated -AR verbs follow […]Read More ›
How do we decide when to use dele, dela, deles, delas vs. seu, sua, seus, suas? dele, dela, deles, delas – When the subject is ele (him). – When the subject is ela (her). – When the subject is eles (them, a group with at least one male). – When the subject is elas (them, an […]Read More ›
We’ve seen that in Portuguese, the possessive pronouns/determiners for the third person are the following: Subject Possessive Pronoun/Determiner English Equivalent Ele, Ela Seu, Sua, Seus, Suas His, Her/Hers, Your/Yours (formal) Eles, Elas Seu, Sua, Seus, Suas Their, Theirs As you can see, the third person singular – você, ele and ela – and the third […]Read More ›
In this unit, we’re going to learn about possessive pronouns and possessive determiners, which both serve the function of expressing possession or ownership of something. In English, we use my, your, his, her, their, and our as possessive determiners and mine, yours, his, hers, theirs, and ours as possessive pronouns. Possessive determiners precede the noun they are […]Read More ›
Let’s take a closer look at this first group of possessive pronouns and determiners: meu, teu, nosso and vosso, plus their feminine and plural forms. Subject Possessive Pronoun/Determiner English Equivalent Eu Meu, Minha, Meus, Minhas My, Mine Tu Teu, Tua, Teus, Tuas Your, Yours (singular) Nós Nosso, Nossa, Nossos, Nossas Our, Ours Vós, Vocês Vosso, […]Read More ›
At this point, you’re probably a bit familiar with the verbs ser
to be permanent state and estar
to be temporary state. And yet, sometimes, you might still be getting them mixed up! Worry not: in this unit, you’ll learn exactly how to use one and the other.
A Basic Distinction: Ser vs Estar
The basic distinction between the two is pretty simple at first:
- Ser is used to describe permanent states or conditions. It refers to an immutable or long-lasting attribute of the person or object we’re describing. Here’s the verb conjugated in the present tense (presente do indicativo):
The average home is full of all kinds of objects, pieces of furniture, and appliances. In this unit, we’ll explore the most common objects you’ll find in each room of your house. The Living Room – Sala de Estar This is the room where you’ll likely spend lots of time relaxing with your family and friends. […]Read More ›
Either you decided to or a place in Portugal, here are some of the main types of housing you probably had to choose from: Types of Housing – A private bedroom for yourself in a house shared with other people. – A complete, unshared home, but in shared with others. You can further distinguish between apartment which […]Read More ›