Learning Notes

Comprido, Longo & Curto

March 12, 2019

When it comes to qualifying something or someone according to its length, you might come across these three adjectives: You can see the first two have the same translation and are indeed synonyms. However, they are often used in different contexts and might ‘sound’ bad if used in an unusual way. Let’s take a better […]

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Adverbs of Manner – Bem/Melhor, Mal/Pior, Através

March 11, 2019

Adverbs of manner (advérbios de modo), sometimes called adverbs of mode, tell us how an action happened, the way in which a certain action is carried out. Easy, no?
Adverbs of manner can sometimes be mistaken for adjectives. The trick to identify an adverb of manner is to always remember: Adverbs of manner, as with all other adverbs, are always invariable. In all other respects, Portuguese adverbs of manner are quite similar to their English counterparts, so you’ll have little trouble learning them.
In this lesson we’ll start with some of the most frequent adverbs of manner in Portuguese, which are:

Bem

Bem is the equivalent to the English “well”. Example:
Muito bem, essa camisola está bem lavada.
Well done, that jumper is well washed.

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Degrees of Adjectives

March 8, 2019

In Portuguese, adjectives can change depending on the gender and number and, similarly to the English grammar, they also have different graus (degrees), of which there are three. They are: the ; the ; and the . Grau Normal – Positive Degree This is the basic form of each adjective. We use it to qualify […]

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Simple Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases

March 8, 2019

You’ve learned what prepositions are, and you got introduced to quite a few of them, in Preposições 1 and Preposições 2. Similarly to English, there are dozens of prepositions in Portuguese grammar. There are simple prepositions (preposições simples) – some of which, as you’ve seen in the previous units, can be combined with pronouns and […]

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Bastante, Quase & Realmente

March 4, 2019

Depending on how they’re placed in a sentence, or what they’re referring to – i.e. modifying –, Portuguese adverbs can change their grammatical status and become other words altogether. Two of the trickiest cases you might come upon are the adverbs bastante and quase, which we’ve covered in previous lessons. The Many Lives of Bastante […]

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Adverbs of Time – The Adverb “Já”

March 1, 2019

One of the most common adverbs of time is Já, which at its core means “in this moment”. Like all other adverbs of time, já is always invariable. This is an adverb you’ll come across a lot, in a lot of different situations and with slightly different uses. Let’s have a look at some of […]

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Adverbs of Place – Aqui/Cá, Aí/Lá, Ali/Acolá

March 1, 2019

If you thought that we’d left out the most basic adverbs of place, worry not! After all, we wouldn’t get very far without the Portuguese equivalents to “here”, “there”, and “over there”. In Portuguese, there’s a three-way distinction between things or persons close to the speaker (aqui, cá), things or persons close to the listener […]

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Adverbs of Place – Debaixo, Acima, Abaixo

March 1, 2019

No one’s above a little studying! In this lesson, we’ll be looking at some more adverbs of place. Remember: Unlike other adverbs, adverbs of place don’t modify adjectives of other adverbs; they only modify verbs. Acima Acima is the equivalent to “above”, and as such it is rather straightforward. Examples: Debaixo Debaixo is the equivalent […]

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Adverbs of Place – Dentro, Fora, Atrás, Defronte, Adiante

March 1, 2019

In this lesson, we’ll be looking at some more adverbs of place. Remember: Unlike other adverbs, adverbs of place don’t modify adjectives of other adverbs; they only modify verbs. Dentro Dentro is the equivalent to the English “in” or “inside”. Examples: Fora Fora is the equivalent to “outside” in English. Examples: Atrás Atrás is the […]

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Adverbs of Place – Onde, Longe, Perto, Adiante, Antes, Depois

March 1, 2019

In this lesson, we’ll be looking at adverbs of place (advérbios de lugar). These adverbs tell us where something happens, or where something is, so they’re pretty essential for building up your Portuguese sentences. Most Portuguese adverbs of place are quite straightforward for English speakers. Placing Adverbs of Place Portuguese adverbs of place are a […]

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Storage, Tools And Cooking

February 28, 2019

Food Storage When it comes to storing and/or preserving food, there are various different places you can use. It mostly depends on the space you have and what you use most, of course. Food that can be stored at room temperature – you can put it in the , in the or right on the […]

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Food Vocabulary – Main Food Groups

February 27, 2019

Food groups are convenient to help us learn food-related vocabulary in a more organized way. Dairy Products – Laticínios Portuguese Term English Translation leite milk iogurte yogurt queijo cheese manteiga butter gelado ice cream nata cream Leite, iogurte and queijo take part in many Portuguese people’s breakfasts and snacks. Queijo, in particular, is very appreciated and […]

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Describing Food

February 23, 2019

Being the food lovers that we are, we use lots of different expressions in Portuguese to describe the food we eat or how we feel about eating it. Hunger and Satisfaction For starters, in Portugal we start thinking about food when we have hunger or when we are with hunger. In Portuguese, this translates to , or . […]

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Portuguese Prepositions – Com

February 23, 2019

One very common Portuguese preposition is .   Like all prepositions, it’s an invariable word which is placed before a noun in a phrase. Com is used to: Indicate people or things that are currently together: Say what someone or something has: Say what someone or something uses: Describe an emotion or state: Though com is […]

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Adverbs of Degree – Nada, Pouco, Bastante, Muito e Demasiado

February 22, 2019

Adverbs of degree (advérbios de grau), also called adverbs of intensity (advérbios de intensidade) tell us about how intensely something occurs. For the most part, Portuguese adverbs of degree operate just like English adverbs. Let’s look at some of the most frequent adverbs of degree: Placing Adverbs of Degree Portuguese adverbs of degree are usually […]

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Adverbs of Affirmation and Adverbs of Negation

February 21, 2019

Adverbs of affirmation (advérbios de afirmação) and adverbs of negation (advérbios de negação) are some of the most essential words in all of the Portuguese language (and, indeed, any language). They are always invariable, so no need to worry about different variations or uses. For English speakers, they are incredibly straightforward to learn, and, sometimes, […]

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Adverbs of Time – Quase, Ainda, Enfim, Agora e Sempre

February 21, 2019

Adverbs of time (advérbios de tempo) tell us not just when an action happened, but also for how long, and how often. As with most other adverbs, adverbs of time are always invariable. In this lesson we’ll start with some of the most frequent adverbs of time in Portuguese, which are: Quase We’ve dealt with […]

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Adverbs of Degree – Mais, Menos, Tão, Tanto e Quase

February 21, 2019

Let’s look at some more adverbs of degree. Remember: they are always invariable. Mais Mais is simply the equivalent to the English “more”, or “plus”. Example: Menos Menos is the equivalent to the English “less”, or “minus”. Example: Tão Tão is the equivalent to the English “so” or “so much”. Examples: Tanto Tanto is the […]

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Adverbs of Time – Cedo, Tarde, Antes, Depois, Ontem, Hoje e Amanhã

February 20, 2019

In this lesson, we’ll look at some more adverbs of time (advérbios de tempo). The first group concerns things happening in relation to a specific point in time. And remember: adverbs of time are always invariable. Cedo Cedo is equivalent to the English “early”. Examples: Tarde Tarde is equivalent to the English “late”. Example: Antes […]

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Adverbs

February 19, 2019

To have fun with Portuguese, it’s important to master adverbs (advérbios). But what are they? Simply put, adverbs are words which modify other words – verbs, adjectives, and sometimes even other adverbs – and add to their meaning or clarify the circumstances in which they’re being used. Verbs When an adverb modifies a verb, it […]

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Aonde vs Onde

February 8, 2019

Onde The adverb onde indicates the place where something or someone is. Examples: Onde can be used to replace expressions such as «em que» and «na/no qual», shown below. Aonde This adverb is a contraction between the adverb onde and the preposition a. Supposedly, it should be used when the verb both expresses an idea of movement […]

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Simple and Compound Adjectives

February 4, 2019

Adjectives are words that name an attribute and are used to describe/qualify nouns. They can be simple (simples) if they’re just one word, or compound (compostos) if formed by two or more elements, usually connected by a hyphen (-). Simple adjectives (adjetivos simples): Compound adjectives (adjetivos compostos): Gender and Number Although there are some who […]

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Basic Courtesy Expressions

January 31, 2019

Just like its people, Portuguese is a very courteous language. Below are just some of the ways in which to express basic, everyday courtesy in Portuguese: Please In Portuguese, please can be or . They’re both equally correct and used in the same situations. Example: We Portuguese tend to shorten words whenever we can. So don’t be […]

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Forming Negative Phrases – Não, Nada, Nenhum, Ninguém

January 31, 2019

Making negative statements and asking questions in Portuguese is fairly easy. For the most part, to make a sentence negative, you can just prefix the verb with the word não, which is the equivalent of both no and not. Examples: Não is also used at the beginning of sentences, when replying to a question: But there […]

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