With so much to learn about the European Portuguese language, it helps to consider what you’ll actually use most frequently. Let’s start off with the top 10 most common Portuguese verbs!
ser Play slow audio Play normal audio to be (permanent)
estar Play slow audio Play normal audio to be (temporary)
ter Play slow audio Play normal audio to have
fazer Play slow audio Play normal audio to do, to make
poder Play slow audio Play normal audio to be able to, can
ir Play slow audio Play normal audio to go
dizer Play slow audio Play normal audio to say, to tell
haver Play slow audio Play normal audio to have, to exist, to be, to happen
dar Play slow audio Play normal audio to give
ver Play slow audio Play normal audio to see
To see the list of all 75 common verbs, click here.
These were selected based on analysis of online texts specific to Portugal (i.e. for European Portuguese). Members also get access to the exercises for each verb conjugation.
Examples typically give you much information about the meaning of a verb and how it’s really used, so let’s see an example for the 10 most common:
- ser: É de onde? Play slow audio Play normal audio Where are you from? (sing.,formal)
- estar: Como estás? Play slow audio Play normal audio How are you? (sing.,inf.)
- ter: Eu não tenho um garfo Play slow audio Play normal audio I don't have a fork
- fazer: Eu faço o pão Play normal audio I make the bread
- poder: Eu posso fazer tudo Play slow audio Play normal audio I can do anything
- ir: Eu vou para casa Play slow audio Play normal audio I go home
- dizer: Eu digo que sim Play slow audio Play normal audio I say yes
- haver: Há um elefante na sala Play slow audio Play normal audio There is an elephant in the room
- dar: Eu dei-lhes a fruta Play slow audio Play normal audio I gave them the fruit
- ver: Eu vejo-as na rua Play slow audio Play normal audio I see them on the street
Irregular Common Portuguese Verbs
Did you notice that many of the verbs look quite different once you put them in a sentence? Almost half of the most common verbs are irregular, meaning their conjugations don’t follow consistent rules and must be memorized. (Some of these will be regular in certain tenses and irregular in others. Others will be entirely irregular. It just depends on the verb!) You can explore the most common irregular verbs here: Common Irregular Verbs
Regular Common Portuguese Verbs
Luckily, the other half are regular verbs, meaning the endings for each tense are based on consistent rules. Once you know the rules for regular -ar verbs, regular -er verbs, and regular -ir verbs, you can apply them to every other regular verb you encounter, including all of these common regular verbs: Common Regular Verbs
Here’s a handy guide to those regular endings:
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You’ll notice in the chart that the tenses are divided into categories based on the 3 “moods”. The indicative mood (indicativo) relates to statements of fact and more concrete topics (e.g. “I am making a cake”). The subjunctive mood (conjuntivo) relates to hypotheticals, such as when you’re talking about hopes or possibilities (e.g. “I would make a cake, if I had time”). The imperative mood (imperativo) is used to give commands (e.g. “Make me a cake, please”).
Want More Verb Practice?
In addition to the verb exercises mentioned above, members can also access the interactive lessons in the following units, which cover a variety of verb tenses and important verbs. (Non-members can access the Learning Notes for free.)
Present Tense (Indicative):
- 👩💻 -AR Verbs 1 👩💻 -AR Verbs 2 👩💻 -AR Verbs 3 👩💻 -AR Verbs 4
- 👩💻 -ER Verbs 👩💻 -IR Verbs
- 👩💻 Irregular -AR Verbs 👩💻 Irregular -ER Verbs 👩💻 Irregular -IR Verbs
- 👩💻 The Verbs Ser and Estar 👩💻 The Verb Pôr
- 👩💻 Present Continuous
Subjunctive / Conjuntivo:
Other Verb Topics: