75 Most Common Portuguese Verbs

With so much to learn about the European Portuguese language, it helps to consider what you’ll actually use most frequently. Let’s start off with the top 10 most common Portuguese verbs!
ser paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to be (permanent)
estar paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to be (temporary)
ter paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to have
fazer paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to do, to make
poder paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to be able to, can
ir paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to go
dizer paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to say, to tell
haver paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to have, to exist, to be, to happen
dar paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to give
ver paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio to see

To see the list of all 75 common verbs, click here.

These were selected based on analysis of online texts specific to Portugal (i.e. for European Portuguese). Members also get access to the exercises for each verb conjugation. 

Examples

Examples typically give you much information about the meaning of a verb and how it’s really used, so let’s see an example for the 10 most common:

  • ser: É de onde? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Where are you from? (sing.,formal)
  • estar: Como estás? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio How are you? (sing.,inf.)
  • ter: Eu não tenho um garfo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I don't have a fork
  • fazer: Eu faço o pão Play normal audio I make the bread
  • poder: Eu posso fazer tudo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I can do anything
  • ir: Eu vou para casa paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I go home
  • dizer: Eu digo que sim paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I say yes
  • haver: um elefante na sala paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio There is an elephant in the room
  • dar: Eu dei-lhes a fruta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I gave them the fruit
  • ver: Eu vejo-as na rua paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I see them on the street

Irregular Common Portuguese Verbs

Did you notice that many of the verbs look quite different once you put them in a sentence? Almost half of the most common verbs are irregular, meaning their conjugations don’t follow consistent rules and must be memorized. (Some of these will be regular in certain tenses and irregular in others. Others will be entirely irregular. It just depends on the verb!) You can explore the most common irregular verbs here: Common Irregular Verbs

Regular Common Portuguese Verbs

Luckily, the other half are regular verbs, meaning the endings for each tense are based on consistent rules. Once you know the rules for regular -ar verbs, regular -er verbs, and regular -ir verbs, you can apply them to every other regular verb you encounter, including all of these common regular verbs: Common Regular Verbs
Here’s a handy guide to those regular endings:

Regular Verb Endings (Cover)

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You’ll notice in the chart that the tenses are divided into categories based on the 3 “moods”. The indicative mood (indicativo) relates to statements of fact and more concrete topics (e.g. “I am making a cake”). The subjunctive mood (conjuntivo) relates to hypotheticals, such as when you’re talking about hopes or possibilities (e.g. “I would make a cake, if I had time”). The imperative mood (imperativo) is used to give commands (e.g. “Make me a cake, please”).

Want More Verb Practice?

In addition to the verb exercises mentioned above, members can also access the interactive lessons in the following units, which cover a variety of verb tenses and important verbs. (Non-members can access the Learning Notes for free.)
Present Tense (Indicative):

Past Tense (Indicative):

Subjunctive / Conjuntivo:

Other Verb Topics:

Comments

  • ..Indicativo….conjunctivo….imperativo…. I am a MD with much difficult words in my vocabulary, but I have to confess that I have no clue what these words mean…it seems everyone learning a language understand these…I remember primary school. at that time I already did not grasp all these ….perhaps a good idea to link these terms to a nice explanation?

    • Good point, thanks! I added a brief explanation just below the chart to explain the difference between those 3 verb “moods”. I hope that helps! 🙂

  • This is great. Well done. But why is it that “O aeroporto está próximo do centro da cidade”? Why “está” and not “é” or “fica”?
    Eu não acho que o aeroporto vai mudar, entāo não faz sentido.

    • When it comes to where something is located, especially something large like a building, the verbs ser, estar, and ficar are generally interchangeable. So é or fica would work there too. The temporary/permanent rule is helpful, but unfortunately it doesn’t always apply so strictly. You can read more here:
      The Verb Ficar
      Ser vs Estar

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