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Adversative – Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Adversative coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas adversativas) indicate a contrast between parts of the sentence.

The most common ones are mas but and no entanto however.

Examples:
O cão é calmo; no entanto pode morder The dog is calm; however, it may bite
Tu tens sono, mas não podes dormir You are tired but you can’t sleep

Some less common adversative conjunctions are porém however, contudo however, todavia however, ainda assim even so and apesar disso despite this.

Examples:

Copulative – Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Copulative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas copulativas) link similar parts of the sentence together with a simple additive effect. Here are a few common examples:

e and nem nor

não só… como também not only…but also tanto…como just as much as

Let’s see some examples of how to use these in a sentence:

Introduction to Conjunctions

December 8, 2016

Conjunctions (conjunções) are words that connect other words, phrases or sentences to each other.

Unlike adjectives, conjunctions do not change according to a subject’s gender or quantity. They always stay the same.

Simple Conjunctions vs. Conjunction Phrases

Depending on how many words it contains, a conjunction may be:

Intro to Coordinating Conjunctions

December 7, 2016

Coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas) connect elements of a sentence that carry equal weight or importance. These conjunctions are used to connect two items or two sentence parts (clauses) that are related, but could also work independently from each other.

You already learned about 3 essential conjunctions back in a previous lesson, (e and, mas butou or).

Regular vs. Irregular Verbs

July 11, 2016

In previous lessons, you got to learn the verb “ser”, which we told you was an irregular verb. (If learning 50 conjugations of a verb wasn’t enough, we also have to watch out for the dreaded irregular verbs! 🙈)

Why are they called that? Well, they are irregular because they don’t follow the same conjugation patterns as regular verbs. To make sure you’re ready to face more verbs in the coming lessons, today we’ll be looking at both regular and irregular verbs in Portuguese. Hang on to your hats!

Introduction to Portuguese Verbs

July 11, 2016

Learning the gender and number of things is all well and good, but you won’t get very far if you can’t recognise how things interact with one another. For this, you need verbs! This article is a brief overview of how verbs work in Portuguese. This is just an initial approach, so don’t get too caught up in the details just yet. It is meant to pique your curiosity, and everything will become clearer as you progress.

Just like in English, a Portuguese verb expresses an action.

For example:

cantar to sing

ser to be

beber to drink

Each verb can appear in one of many different forms. In fact, each verb has over 50 different conjugations! But don’t get too freaked out – there are rules you will learn to make each conjugation easier to remember, and not all of those verb forms are used on a daily basis.

Depending on the situation, a verb’s conjugation can tell you:

Introduction to European Portuguese

July 11, 2016

Countries that Speak Portuguese

Did you know that Portuguese is the 6th most spoken language in the world?

You already know that Portuguese is spoken in Portugal, but there are also many other countries that speak the language.

from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_language
from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_language

Here’s a list, (descending in population): Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Portugal, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Macau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe. More at wikipedia.com.

Portuguese Roots

Have you noticed that you can already recognize some Portuguese words? That’s because, just like English, Portuguese has strong Latin roots.

estação station

delicioso delicious

positivo positive

Portuguese is considered a “Romance” or “Vulgar Latin” language (just like Spanish, French, Italian and Romanian). If you have studied any of these other languages, you will see even more similarities not only in vocabulary but also grammar structure.

Aside from Latin, Portuguese has also been influenced by other languages like

Definite Articles in Portuguese (Masculine vs. Feminine, Plurals)

July 11, 2016

Definite Articles – How to Say “the” In Portuguese

In English, we only have 1 definite article: the, which is used to refer to a specific instance of an object, as opposed to when we use a or an to speak more generally. In Portuguese, we have 4 artigos definidos that serve the same function as the. These 4 words used to say the in Portuguese are o, a, os, as.  We’ll have an in-depth look at articles a bit later. For now, you can just keep in mind that the article we use depends on:

 

a) Gender: masculine (o, os) or feminine (a, as)

and

b) Quantity: whether we are referring to a single object (singular: o, a), or more than one (plural: os, as).

 

Here are some examples: