In previous lessons, you learned the verb serto be – permanent, a common irregular verb. (As if learning 50 conjugations of a verb wasn’t enough, we also have to watch out for the dreaded irregular verbs! 🙈)
Why are they called that? Well, they are irregular because they don’t follow the same conjugation patterns as regular verbs. To make sure you’re ready to face more verbs in the coming lessons, let’s look at both regular and irregular verbs in Portuguese.
Time for some action! We’ve covered some of the basics already, but we won’t get very far without talking about verbosverbs! This article is a brief overview of how verbs work in Portuguese, as well as the personal pronouns associated with each conjugation. Don’t worry too much about the details just yet… everything will become clearer as you progress.
Just like in English, a Portuguese verb expresses an action. For example:
Each verb can appear in many different forms. In fact, each verb has over 50 different conjugations! Luckily, there are rules you will learn to make each conjugation easier to remember, and not all 50 forms are used on a daily basis. Phew! 😅
Types of Verbs
In Portuguese, verbs are generally split into three groups based on the last two letters of the verb’s infinitive form:
You already know that Portuguese is spoken in Portugal, but there are also many other countries that speak the language.
Here’s a list, descending in population: Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Portugal (including Madeira and the Azores), Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Macau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe. More at wikipedia.com.
Portuguese is considered a “Romance” or “Vulgar Latin” language (just like Spanish, French, Italian and Romanian). If you have studied any of these other languages, you will see even more similarities not only in vocabulary, but also grammar structure.
Aside from Latin, Portuguese has also been influenced by other languages like