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Adversative Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Adversative coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas adversativas) indicate a contrast between parts of the sentence.

The most common ones are mas but and no entanto however

Examples:

O cão é calmo; no entanto pode morder The dog is calm; however, it may bite

Tu tens sono, mas não podes dormir You are tired but you can’t sleep

Some less common adversative conjunctions are:

  • porém however
  • contudo however
  • todavia however
  • ainda assim even so, still
  • apesar disso despite that, nevertheless

Examples:

Copulative Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Copulative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas copulativas) link parts of the sentence together with a simple additive effect. Here are a few common examples:

e and nem nor

não só… como também not only…but also

tanto…como as much…as

Let’s see some examples of how to use these in a sentence:

Introduction to Conjunctions

December 8, 2016

Conjunções Conjunctions are words that connect other words, phrases, or sentence clauses to each other.

Unlike adjectives, conjunctions do not change form according to a subject’s gender or quantity. They always stay the same (i.e. they are invariable).

Simple Conjunctions vs. Conjunction Phrases

Depending on how many words it contains, a conjunction may be:

Regular vs. Irregular Verbs

July 11, 2016

In previous lessons, you learned the verb ser to be – permanent, a common irregular verb. (As if learning 50 conjugations of a verb wasn’t enough, we also have to watch out for the dreaded irregular verbs! 🙈)

Why are they called that? Well, they are irregular because they don’t follow the same conjugation patterns as regular verbs. To make sure you’re ready to face more verbs in the coming lessons, let’s look at both regular and irregular verbs in Portuguese.

Hang on to your hats! 🎩👒

Portuguese Verbs and Personal Pronouns

July 11, 2016

Time for some action! We’ve covered some of the basics already, but we won’t get very far without talking about verbos verbs! This article is a brief overview of how verbs work in Portuguese, as well as the personal pronouns associated with each conjugation. Don’t worry too much about the details just yet… everything will become clearer as you progress.

Just like in English, a Portuguese verb expresses an action. For example:

cantar to sing

ser to be

beber to drink

Each verb can appear in many different forms. In fact, each verb has over 50 different conjugations! Luckily, there are rules you will learn to make each conjugation easier to remember, and not all 50 forms are used on a daily basis. Phew! 😅

Types of Verbs

In Portuguese, verbs are generally split into three groups based on the last two letters of the verb’s infinitive form:

Introduction to European Portuguese

July 11, 2016

Countries that Speak Portuguese

Did you know that Portuguese is the 6th most spoken language in the world?

You already know that Portuguese is spoken in Portugal, but there are also many other countries that speak the language.

from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_language
from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_language

Here’s a list, descending in population: Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Portugal (including Madeira and the Azores), Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Macau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe. More at wikipedia.com.

Portuguese Roots

Have you noticed that you can already recognize some Portuguese words? That’s because, just like English, Portuguese has strong Latin roots.

estação station

delicioso delicious

positivo positive

Portuguese is considered a “Romance” or “Vulgar Latin” language (just like Spanish, French, Italian and Romanian). If you have studied any of these other languages, you will see even more similarities not only in vocabulary, but also grammar structure.

Aside from Latin, Portuguese has also been influenced by other languages like

Definite Articles in Portuguese

July 11, 2016

How to Say “The” in Portuguese

In English, we only have 1 definite article: the, which is used to refer to a specific instance of an object, as opposed to referring to objects more generally using the indefinite articles a or an.

In Portuguese, we have 4 artigos definidos definite articles that serve the same function as the: o the a the os the as the

Why 4 different words with one meaning? In Portuguese, many words take on different forms, depending on the following two properties:

  • Gender: The masculine forms of “the” are o and os. The feminine forms are a and as.
  • Number: A singular object is referred to with o or a, whereas plurals use os or as.

Here are some examples: