Learning Notes

Variable Demonstrative Pronouns – Plural

February 27, 2017

As you’ll recall, variable demonstratives have to agree not only in gender and location, but also in number. For every variable demonstrative covered in the previous lesson (which were all singular), there is also a plural counterpart. It might sound scary, but you’re in luck: all you have to do is take the singular form […]

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Variable Demonstrative Pronouns – Singular

February 23, 2017

Variable demonstratives (demonstrativos variáveis) are used to identify all of the following at once: a person or object’s gender the number (one or more) their position in space or time The “demonstrative” part of this fancy pronoun’s name, refers to the last point above; the item’s position. We must choose which demonstrative to use, according to […]

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Introduction to Demonstrative Pronouns

February 20, 2017

Demonstratives (demonstrativos) help to identify a particular person or object and establish its location in relation to the speaker, the listener, or simply within the general context. They can tell us, for example, whether something is close or distant in space or time. In English, we generally use the words this and these to refer […]

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The Preposition "Em"

January 21, 2017

This preposition is usually a bit easier to understand compared to others. Although there are multiple uses, it most commonly refers to being “in” something, either physically or conceptually: “Em” can also have other meanings, for example: Contractions When “em” is combined with the articles a, o, as, or os they become na, no, nas, or nos “Em” is also commonly […]

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Por & Para

January 21, 2017

This is a topic that is tricky for English speakers, because although both of these words can mean “for”, you have to choose the correct one depending on the situation. Para Para can mean “for”, “to”, “in order to” or “towards”. To refer to a destination or result, you would always choose “para” instead of “por”. Por […]

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The Preposition "De"

January 21, 2017

De is one of the first Portuguese prepositions you should learn because it’s used extremely often in a variety of different situations. De can correspond to many different English translations, depending on the context. About By On Of From No English Preposition Certain verbs, such as those shown below, are often followed by “de”, even […]

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Prepositions in Portuguese

January 21, 2017

What is a Preposition? Prepositions are short words that usually occur before a noun (or pronoun). They show how the noun relates to another element in the sentence in terms of time, location, movement, or other parameters. For example, the English prepositions in, at, on, and through could be used to create prepositional phrases like in the […]

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New Year’s Eve Traditions in Portugal

December 14, 2016

In Portugal, A noite de Ano Novo
New Year’s Eve
is full of traditions and superstitions. Just like Christmas, the celebration begins with a family dinner, and even more holiday sweets.

It’s All About o Dinheiro!

Superstition says that you can attract dinheiro
money
in the new year by eating chocolate.

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The Holiday Season in Portugal

December 14, 2016

Portugal has no official religion, but most of its population is Christian (81% Catholic). However, only about 19% attend mass and take the sacraments regularly. In Portugal, Church and State are formally separate, but the Catholic Institution still has a strong influence, especially for the older population. Like other parts of the world, holidays like have […]

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Explicative – Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Explicative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas explicativas), link parts of the sentence to indicate a reason or explanation. The most common are: Examples: Explicative conjunctions are often used in combination with the “imperativo” verb form (which is used to express a command).

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Conclusive – Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Conclusive coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas conclusivas), as the name implies, express a consequence or conclusion. These are similar to explicative coordinating conjunctions, but they more specifically indicate a cause and effect relationship between parts of the sentence. The most common simple conjunction is . Example: In the right context, pois and logo can also be […]

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Disjunctive – Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Disjunctive coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas disjuntivas) express an idea of choice or alternative, that only one of the parts of the sentence can be true. The most obvious example is Example: Here are some examples of disjunctive conjunction phrases: Examples:

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Adversative – Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Adversative coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas adversativas) indicate a contrast between parts of the sentence. The most common ones are and . Examples: Some less common adversative conjunctions are , , , and . Examples: The conjunctions e, agora, and quando can also be considered adversative when they are used to mean : Examples: They can […]

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Copulative – Coordinating Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Copulative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas copulativas) link similar parts of the sentence together with a simple additive effect. Here are a few common examples: Let’s see some examples of how to use these in a sentence: can also be considered part of this group when it is used to mean Example:

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Introduction to Conjunctions

December 8, 2016

Conjunctions (conjunções) are words that connect other words, phrases or sentences to each other.
Unlike adjectives, conjunctions do not change according to a subject’s gender or quantity. They always stay the same.

Simple Conjunctions vs. Conjunction Phrases

Depending on how many words it contains, a conjunction may be:

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Intro to Coordinating Conjunctions

December 7, 2016

Coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas) connect elements of a sentence that carry equal weight or importance. These conjunctions are used to connect two items or two sentence parts (clauses) that are related, but could also work independently from each other.
You already learned about 3 essential conjunctions back in a previous lesson, (e
and
, mas
but
ou
or
).

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Regular vs. Irregular Verbs

July 11, 2016

In previous lessons, you got to learn the verb Ser, which we told you was an irregular verb. Because if learning 50 conjugations of a verb wasn’t enough, we also have to watch out for the dreaded irregular verbs 🙈 Why are they called that? Well, they are irregular because they don’t follow the same […]

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Introduction to Portuguese Verbs

July 11, 2016

Learning the gender and number of things is all well and good, but you won’t get very far if you can’t recognise how things interact with one another. For this, you need verbs! This article is a brief overview of how verbs work in Portuguese. This is just an initial approach, so don’t get too […]

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Introduction to European Portuguese

July 11, 2016

Countries that Speak Portuguese Did you know that Portuguese is the 6th most spoken language in the world? You already know that Portuguese is spoken in Portugal, but there are also many other countries that speak the language. Here’s a list, (descending in population): Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Portugal, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Macau, Cape Verde, São […]

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Definite Articles in Portuguese (Masculine vs. Feminine, Plurals)

July 11, 2016

Definite Articles – How to Say “the” In Portuguese In English, we only have 1 definite article: the, which is used to refer to a specific instance of an object, as opposed to when we use a or an to speak more generally. In Portuguese, we have 4 artigos definidos that serve the same function as the. […]

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