Conjunções Play slow audio Play normal audio are words that connect other words, phrases, or sentence clauses to each other. Unlike adjectives, Portuguese conjunctions do not change form according to a subject’s gender or quantity. They always stay the same (i.e. they are invariable).
Simple Conjunctions vs. Conjunction Phrases
Depending on how many words it contains, a conjunction may be:
- Simple if it consists of only one word. For example:
- Conjunction phrases if it is made up of multiple words. These sentences are sometimes more challenging to construct since they often require the use of the “conjuntivo” verb mood in the second part of the sentence. For example:
Coordinating vs. Subordinating Portuguese Conjunctions
This unit will focus on conjunções coordenativas Play slow audio Play normal audio coordinating conjunctions, and then we’ll explore subordinating conjunctions in the next unit. Let’s see a quick comparison of the two types.
- Connects a dependent clause to an independent one (making one subordinate and dependent on the other).
- Notice in this example that the conjunction porque tells you that the second clause is the reason for the first clause:
Não espero por ela porque ela demora muito tempo Play slow audio Play normal audio I don't wait for her because she takes a lot of time
- Subordinating conjunctions can be divided into the following main categories:
- Used to link clauses (parts of the sentence) that have equal importance
- Both parts of the sentence could be separated without changing the meaning.
Eu vou ao cinema e ela vai ao teatro Play slow audio Play normal audio I go to the cinema and she goes to the theatre.
O limão é azedo, mas eu gosto Play slow audio Play normal audio The lemon is sour, but I like it
- Coordinating conjunctions can be divided into the following categories:
Let’s Give it a Try!
We’ll show you a brief overview of each type as you work through this unit. Luckily, you’re not starting from scratch! You’re already off to a good start if you remember learning about these 3 essential Portuguese conjunctions from a previous lesson:
e Play slow audio Play normal audio and
mas Play slow audio Play normal audio but
ou Play slow audio Play normal audio or
Now, we’ll add to that list by exploring other words that help you connect your thoughts in more complex ways.