Adversative – Coordinating Conjunctions

Adversative coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas adversativas) indicate a contrast between parts of the sentence.
The most common ones are mas but and no entanto however.
Examples:
O cão é calmo; no entanto pode morder The dog is calm; however, it may bite
Tu tens sono, mas não podes dormir You are tired but you can't sleep
Some less common adversative conjunctions are porém however, contudo however, todavia however, ainda assim even so and apesar disso despite this.
Examples:
Ela não tem fome, porém tem de comer She is not hungry; however, she has to eat
Estou doente, contudo vou trabalhar I am sick; however, I go to work
Eu trabalho muito, todavia ganho pouco I work a lot; however, I earn little
Eu não nado. Ainda assim, entro na água I do not swim. Even so, I enter the water
Não gosto de álcool. Apesar disso, vou experimentar I do not like alcohol. Despite this, I will try
The conjunctions e, agora, and quando can also be considered adversative when they are used to mean mas but:
Examples:
Tu falas, e não dizes nada You speak and you don't say anything
Sou bom, agora, parvo não sou I am nice but I'm not an idiot
Tu erraste, quando poderias ter acertado You messed up when you could have been right
They can appear in the middle of a sentence or at the beginning:
Está a chover. Mas vou sair à mesma It is raining. But I'll go anyway
Gosto de doces. No entanto, sou magro I like sweets. However, I'm skinny

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