dining out in portugal

Dining Out In Portugal

Whether you’re just visiting or planning to live in Portugal, learning some food vocabulary is going to be pretty important! 😆  As part of our Cooking and Eating unit, this guide should give you a good introduction to dining out in Portugal, or, in other words: comer fora paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio going out to eat

Breakfast & Coffee

There are cafés paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cafés, coffee shops and pastelarias paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio bakeries, which are often part of the same establishment, for snacks and light meals. This is where you’ll go for um pequeno-almoço paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a breakfast or um lanche paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a snack
Perhaps you’ll ask for um café paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a coffee and the world-famous pastel de nata paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio custard tart. A pastel is usually a small tart or cake, which can be sweet, like the pastel de nata, or savoury, like the o pastel de bacalhau Play normal audio codfish cake. You’ll find a wide variety of delicious options to order at the pastelaria.
Unfortunately for those who like protein-rich breakfasts, it’s less common to find os ovos Play normal audio eggs on the traditional Portuguese breakfast menu, though they do appear in a number of dishes served later in the day.
There are many different typical coffee beverages in Portugal. If you just order um café paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a coffee you will receive an espresso, unless you specify otherwise. Some of the other most common options are:

  • um galão paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio – Contains more milk than coffee, served in a tall glass
  • uma meia de leite paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio – A cup containing half milk and half coffee
  • um abatanado paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio – This is the Portuguese equivalent of an americano, which is espresso with extra water. At most cafés, this is the closest you will get to a full cup of drip coffee. If you want it with milk, ask for um abatanado pingado paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio an americano with a “drop. To further complicate things, not all places in Portugal use the term abatanado, so you can also just try asking for um americano paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio

Tip: You may get a funny look if you order coffee before a meal instead of after… or if you ask for cream (natas) with your coffee! These practices are not common in Portugal. #estrangeiroproblems

Lunch & Dinner

For o almoço paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio lunch and o jantar paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dinner, you might go out to um restaurante paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a restaurant, but not all locations serving these meals use that name. Some smaller establishments offering light meals (usually lunches), have the name ‘snack-bar’, functioning as a hybrid of café and restaurant. There are also cervejarias paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio , named as such because, originally, these restaurants produced their own cerveja paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio beer.

Common Menu Items

Here are a few common foods you may see on the menu when dining out in Portugal:

  • pica-pau paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
    • Small pieces of pork, marinated in either beer or white wine and fried in olive oil. Includes lots of garlic and pickles and sometimes piri-piri hot sauce. Its name translates literally to “woodpecker”, probably because you eat them with a toothpick.
  • moelas paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
    • Similar to pica-pau but made with chicken gizzard (instead of pork), plus tomato pulp and paprika.
  • caracóis paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio snails
    • Snails are a popular summer dish, often eaten with a toothpick and paired with an ice-cold beer. The simplest recipe involves boiling them with garlic, bay leafs, onions and salt, and seasoning them with oregano.
  • camarões paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio shrimp
    • Typically served boiled or fried
  • bife à casa paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio house steak
    • This steak often comes with an egg on top, accompanied by rice, fries, and salad. It can include other ingredients such as ham, cheese, sausages, pickles, as well as sauces made with beer, mustard, coffee, etc.
  • a francesinha Play normal audio
    • A very famous sandwich based on a French recipe, but born in the city of Porto. Ingredients include beef, ham, various sausages, and cheese, with a fried egg on top. The most important part is the sauce, which is poured on top while extremely hot. You’ll need a fork and knife for this sandwich!
  • leitão paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio suckling pig
    • Roasted and served with either fries or potato chips, plus a spicy molho de leitão paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio , which is made with pepper, garlic, lard, among other ingredients. It also comes in sandwich form.

As you can see, it’s not always easy being a vegetarian in Portugal!

Common Appetizers

Whatever the choice, the entradas paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio appetizers, starters for lunch or dinner are usually the same:

  • um cesto de pão paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio a basket of bread
    • It can be just white bread or include other varieties such as tostas paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio toasts and broa de milho Play normal audio corn bread
  • as azeitonas Play normal audio olives
    • Sometimes seasoned with olive oil, garlic and oregano
  • a manteiga paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio butter
  • patê de atum paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio tuna paté or patê de sardinha paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sardine paté

A “finer” restaurant may also include:

  • presunto Play normal audio prosciutto
    • Sometimes paired with melon cubes
  • queijos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cheeses
    • Sliced cured cheeses or fresh cheese, pressed into a round shape
  • rissóis paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio rissoles
    • Half-moon shaped, deep-fried pastries, commonly filled with shrimp or meat
  • enchidos fumados paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio smoked sausages
    • Could be chouriços, morcelas (similar to black pudding), alheiras or farinheiras

Wait a Minute… I Didn’t Order This!

These entradas, also called aperitivos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio , almost always appear “automatically” on the table to snack on while waiting for your meal. However, they are optional. If you do not want to eat or pay for them, just say:

  • Pode levar as entradas paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio You can take the appetizers or Não vamos querer entradas, obrigado paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio We are not going to want appetizers, thank you

Virtually all restaurants offer pratos do dia paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dishes of the day, daily specials. Unlike the other dishes on the menu, these are not cooked to order, so the waiting time is shorter. They may also include fresher ingredients, such as fish.
Just in case you’re on a tight schedule, keep in mind that meal time can be rather sacred for the Portuguese, as they usually like to enjoy it without rushing! However, if you’re looking to fill up on grease, you can still find fast food in some areas. The English phrase is commonly heard in Portuguese conversation, but you’ll also hear its Portuguese equivalent, comida rápida paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fast food.

Beverages

Water is not offered automatically when dining out in Portugal. You can, of course, order a bottle of water, but remember that it’s not free. You should specify how many glasses you’d like if multiple people are sharing.
Your water can be com gás Play normal audio sparkling, with gas or sem gás Play normal audio still, without gas, and fresca paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cold, cool or natural Play normal audio natural, room-temperature.
If you wish to drink wine, but you’re not sure about any of the wines on the list (or you just want a cheaper option!), you might ask for the vinho da casa Play normal audio house wine. This wine is the choice of the restaurant and it’s usually a local wine, or from the region.

Payment and Tipping

In Portugal, a conta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio the bill is not brought to the table automatically. Depending on the establishment, you will either pay at the front counter before leaving, or you’ll need to let your waiter or waitress know that you are ready to pay. If you are paying by card, typically they will bring the card reader to your table, rather than taking your card.
What about deixar a gorjeta Play normal audio leaving the tip? Unlike what happens in various other countries, tipping a certain percentage of the cost of the meal is not expected in Portugal. Some people don’t tip at all, while others leave between 0.50€ to 2€ on the table before they leave. You can leave any amount you’d like, but anything less than 0.50€ is probably going to be taken as an insult by the staff. If you want to add a tip on your card, instead of using cash, make sure to tell your server to add that amount before they run your card.

Food Shopping

We hope that gave you a good introduction to dining out in Portugal, but we’re not ready to stop talking about food yet!
For those who prefer home-cooked meals, you can find your ingredientes paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio ingredients at mercearias paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio grocery stores and mercados paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio markets, which are for smaller, everyday purchases.
If you want to buy in bulk, find international products, or just have access to a wider variety and quantity of products, you can go to supermercados paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio supermarkets and hipermercados paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio hypermarkets, which are often found in larger shopping areas.
Tip: In Portugal, 24-hour convenience stores (aside from gas station shops 🤢) are not really a thing, so make sure you’ve got everything you need before the stores close (around 9:00pm, at least in Lisbon).

Differences between 🇵🇹 European and 🇧🇷 Brazilian Portuguese

If you’ve learned some Brazilian Portuguese in the past, keep in mind that there are many vocabulary differences when it comes to food. Here are a few common ones to keep in mind next time you’re shopping or dining out in Portugal:

  • 🇵🇹 o pequeno-almoço paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio breakfast  |  🇧🇷 café da manhã
  • 🇵🇹 café paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cafe, coffee shop  |  🇧🇷 cafeteria
  • 🇵🇹 talho paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio butcher shop |  🇧🇷 açougue
  • 🇵🇹 gelado paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio ice cream  |  🇧🇷 sorvete
  • 🇵🇹 sumo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio juice  |  🇧🇷 suco
  • 🇵🇹 imperial paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio small draft beer or fino paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio small draft beer  |  🇧🇷 chope
  • 🇵🇹 massa paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio pasta  |  🇧🇷 macarrão
  • 🇵🇹 ananás paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio pineapple  |  🇧🇷 abacaxi

 

Comments

  • Parley is called salsa in Portuguese. Flat leaf parsley (what we would call Italian parsley in the US) is the kind sold commonly in markets here.

  • I’ve lived in Portugal back when I was a meat eater so all of this is very familiar, taking me right back! Now I’m vegan. Is there a section coming up about dietary choices? How to explain what you require/don’t want included? Also I’ve noticed in Portugal they get the vegetarian/vegan terms mixed up also. The terminology can be inconsistent.

  • I don’t drink alcohol and I’ve seen a lot of meat dishes common in Portugal are often marinated in wine or beer. Will it be clear on menus whether the meat served with a dish is marinated in alcohol?

    • Some dishes might mention wine, but I don’t think it will always be clear. You would probably have to ask to be sure. I’ll see if Joseph can respond with a good phrase for asking this. 🙂

      I had always thought that the alcohol cooks out when food is heated, but I just looked it up and apparently that’s not true.

    • Olá, Peter. Here are some simple ways of asking:
      – O prato tem álcool? (Does the dish have alcohol?)
      – A receita tem álcool? (Does the recipe have alcohol?)

      Or, a bit longer:
      – A carne está marinada em álcool? (Is the meat marinated in alcohol?)
      – O peixe está marinado em álcool? (Is the fish marinated in alcohol?)

  • Are there particular “comida rápida” (fast food) chains in Portugal that are popular? I don’t mean American fast food (I’m sure you can find McDonald’s in the touristy areas) but Portuguese original chains that the locals flock to.

    • Olá, Peter. I can’t think of much that I would personally call fast food, but there are some well-known Portuguese chains, namely, “A Padaria Portuguesa” (literally, “The Portuguese Bakery”), which is a still-recent success story (launched in 2010), and “Portugália”, which has been a staple restaurant chain for many years. There are other names that pop up in an increasing number of food courts, such as “Sr. Frango da Guia” and “Prego Gourmet”.

  • Could you add the word for tip – gorjeta – in Payments and Tipping . Searching in Translate gives dica – a piece of advice.
    Deixar uma gorjeta para o empregado/a de mesa.

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