Regular Verbs in the Present Tense: AR Verbs

Regular Verbs in the Present Tense: AR Verbs

In Portuguese, verbs are split into three groups:

  • Group 1: verbs ending in -AR
  • Group 2: verbs ending in -ER
  • Group 3: verbs ending in -IR

In this article, we’ll cover the first group.
Common verbs ending in -AR include falar to speak, pensar to think and amar to love.
When the conjugation is regular, the endings of conjugated -AR verbs follow the same pattern. Below, we’ll use falar to speak in the present tense as an example:

falar
to speak

Indicativo

Falar – Indicativo – Presente

Eu falo com ela todos os dias.
I speak with her everyday.

  • eu falo
  • I speak
  • tu falas
  • you speak
  • ele / ela fala
  • he / she speaks
  • você fala
  • you formal speak
  • nós falamos
  • we speak
  • eles / elas falam
  • they masc. / they fem. speak
  • vocês falam
  • you pl. speak


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Once you memorize the endings for one regular -AR verb (-o, -as, -a, -amos, -am), you can follow the pattern to conjugate all the others… (unless they’re irregular 🙈).

More Examples of -AR Verbs

gostar
to like

Indicativo

Gostar – Indicativo – Presente

Eu gosto desta música.
I like this song.

  • eu gosto
  • I like
  • tu gostas
  • you like
  • ele / ela gosta
  • he / she likes
  • você gosta
  • you formal like
  • nós gostamos
  • we like
  • eles / elas gostam
  • they masc. / they fem. like
  • vocês gostam
  • you pl. like


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viajar
to travel

Indicativo

Viajar – Indicativo – Presente

Tu viajas muito?
Do you travel much?

  • eu viajo
  • I travel
  • tu viajas
  • you travel
  • ele / ela viaja
  • he / she travels
  • você viaja
  • you formal travel
  • nós viajamos
  • we travel
  • eles / elas viajam
  • they masc. / they fem. travel
  • vocês viajam
  • you pl. travel


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trabalhar
to work

Indicativo

Trabalhar – Indicativo – Presente

Ele trabalha aqui.
He works here.

  • eu trabalho
  • I work
  • tu trabalhas
  • you work
  • ele / ela trabalha
  • he / she works
  • você trabalha
  • you formal work
  • nós trabalhamos
  • we work
  • eles / elas trabalham
  • they masc. / they fem. work
  • vocês trabalham
  • you pl. work


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estudar
to study

Indicativo

Estudar – Indicativo – Presente

Tu estudas demais!
You study too much!

  • eu estudo
  • I study
  • tu estudas
  • you study
  • ele / ela estuda
  • he / she studies
  • você estuda
  • you formal study
  • nós estudamos
  • we study
  • eles / elas estudam
  • they masc. / they fem. study
  • vocês estudam
  • you pl. study


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Notice that the verb stem, (the beginning of the verb to which you add the respective ending), ends right before the last vowel of the verb (in its infinitive form). So, the stem of viajar is viaj-, and the stem of estudar is estud-. The stem of the verb anunciar would be anunci-.

Verb Stems

Regardless of whether you’re conjugating a regular verb in its present tense, as in the above examples, or any other tense, you will always take the same verb stem and add on the appropriate ending.

Tip

  • The first person singular of every single regular verb always ends with just an o, so that’s the easiest one to memorize. You’ll confirm this as you read about the other verb groups.

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