Regular Verbs in the Present Tense: AR Verbs

In Portuguese, verbs are split into three groups:

  • Group 1: verbs ending in -AR
  • Group 2: verbs ending in -ER
  • Group 3: verbs ending in -IR

In this article, we’ll cover the first group.
Common verbs ending in -AR include falar to speak, pensar to think and amar to love.
When the conjugation is regular, the endings of conjugated -AR verbs follow the same pattern. Below, we’ll use falar to speak in the present tense as an example:

to speak


Falar – Indicativo – Presente

Eu falo com ela todos os dias.
I speak with her everyday.

  • eu falo
  • I speak
  • tu falas
  • you speak
  • ele / ela fala
  • he / she speaks
  • você fala
  • you formal speak
  • nós falamos
  • we speak
  • eles / elas falam
  • they masc. / they fem. speak
  • vocês falam
  • you pl. speak


Once you memorize the endings for one regular -AR verb (-o, -as, -a, -amos, -am), you can follow the pattern to conjugate all the others… (unless they’re irregular 🙈).

More Examples of -AR Verbs

to like


Gostar – Indicativo – Presente

Eu gosto desta música.
I like this song.

  • eu gosto
  • I like
  • tu gostas
  • you like
  • ele / ela gosta
  • he / she likes
  • você gosta
  • you formal like
  • nós gostamos
  • we like
  • eles / elas gostam
  • they masc. / they fem. like
  • vocês gostam
  • you pl. like


to travel


Viajar – Indicativo – Presente

Tu viajas muito?
Do you travel much?

  • eu viajo
  • I travel
  • tu viajas
  • you travel
  • ele / ela viaja
  • he / she travels
  • você viaja
  • you formal travel
  • nós viajamos
  • we travel
  • eles / elas viajam
  • they masc. / they fem. travel
  • vocês viajam
  • you pl. travel


to work


Trabalhar – Indicativo – Presente

Ele trabalha aqui.
He works here.

  • eu trabalho
  • I work
  • tu trabalhas
  • you work
  • ele / ela trabalha
  • he / she works
  • você trabalha
  • you formal work
  • nós trabalhamos
  • we work
  • eles / elas trabalham
  • they masc. / they fem. work
  • vocês trabalham
  • you pl. work


to study


Estudar – Indicativo – Presente

Tu estudas demais!
You study too much!

  • eu estudo
  • I study
  • tu estudas
  • you study
  • ele / ela estuda
  • he / she studies
  • você estuda
  • you formal study
  • nós estudamos
  • we study
  • eles / elas estudam
  • they masc. / they fem. study
  • vocês estudam
  • you pl. study


Notice that the verb stem, (the beginning of the verb to which you add the respective ending), ends right before the last vowel of the verb (in its infinitive form). So, the stem of viajar is viaj-, and the stem of estudar is estud-. The stem of the verb anunciar would be anunci-.

Verb Stems

Regardless of whether you’re conjugating a regular verb in its present tense, as in the above examples, or any other tense, you will always take the same verb stem and add on the appropriate ending.


  • The first person singular of every single regular verb always ends with just an o, so that’s the easiest one to memorize. You’ll confirm this as you read about the other verb groups.


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