Regular -IR Verbs in the Present Tense

As mentioned, verbs are split into three groups:

Now we’ll deal with the 3rd and final group: -IR verbs!

IR Verb Endings

The regular -IR verb conjugations are very similar to the -ER verbs, except for one little difference… can you spot it? 🤔

abrir
to open

Indicativo

Abrir – Indicativo – Presente

A loja abre muito cedo.
The store opens very early.

  • eu abro
  • I open
  • tu abres
  • you open
  • ele / ela abre
  • he / she opens
  • você abre
  • you formal open
  • nós abrimos
  • we open
  • eles / elas abrem
  • they masc. / they fem. open
  • vocês abrem
  • you pl. open

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dividir
to share / to divide

Indicativo

Dividir – Indicativo – Presente

Nós dividimos todas as refeições.
We share all the meals.

  • eu divido
  • I share
  • tu divides
  • you share
  • ele / ela divide
  • he / she shares
  • você divide
  • you formal share
  • nós dividimos
  • we share
  • eles / elas dividem
  • they masc. / they fem. share
  • vocês dividem
  • you pl. share

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partir
to leave / to break

Indicativo

Partir – Indicativo – Presente

Ela parte o meu coração!
She breaks my heart!

  • eu parto
  • I leave
  • tu partes
  • you leave
  • ele / ela parte
  • he / she leaves
  • você parte
  • you formal leave
  • nós partimos
  • we leave
  • eles / elas partem
  • they masc. / they fem. leave
  • vocês partem
  • you pl. leave

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Did you find it?

That’s right… the “nós” conjugation is different!

  • Beber: nós bebemos
  • Abrir: nós abrimos

Otherwise, the conjugations are the same. The regular endings for -IR verbs are -o, -es, -e, -imos, -em.

Comments:

    • Great suggestion, thanks! As a quick solution, I’ve added the infinitive verbs with audio above each verb block. Welcome aboard as a new member this month too! 🙂

      • Thank you mathgeuyen, When I posted this original comment on August 8, 2019, the “blue loudspeaker” was not present. This is one of the things (among many) I like about Practice Portuguese, when you make a suggestion or a request they really listen to you, evaluate your suggestions, and make changes accordingly. Thanks to my suggestion, and possibly others who have suggested the same, you now have the “blue loudspeaker” button present. Before, you could only access the pronunciation by opening up and working on the verb cards.

        Obrigada, Joel for taking my suggestion–I appreciate it!

        • Yup, we added this based on your suggestions! Ongoing feedback helps us make the platform better. By being a small company, we’re often able to act quickly on your feedback, (especially they are minor tweaks). We don’t always get around to properly announcing these more minor changes, but they’re happening continuously.

  • Joel, The changes haven’t gone unnoticed by me, I appreciate it. The comment by mathgeuyin gave me an opportunity to share this with others who may not know this. I fill out endless surveys, provide feedback when requested, and have made countless queries to many online services I have subscribed to or use–I always get the canned response of “we appreciate/value your input” but I rarely do I see a company or service willing to take action on any of my input. My personal motto is, “it doesn’t have to be my idea to be a good idea.” I wish you continued success and fortune with Practice Portuguese!

    • Hi Mario! Do you mean the audio won’t play? Or that you don’t understand how to pronounce it? (There is no audio for “eles” in this learning note, but the verb conjugations that end in “-em” should be working. Send us an email if those aren’t working for you.)

      If it’s a pronunciation issue – check out the personal pronouns section of this learning note to hear the pronunciation of “eles”: Portuguese Verbs. You can play it over and over and compare it to “elas” to try and get that pronunciation down.

      As for the “-em” ending, keep in mind that you don’t pronounce the “m” sound. Instead, it’s more like a nasalized vowel, slightly similar to the sound of “ng” in an English word like “thing”. Keep playing the audios above for the conjugations that end in “-em” and see if you can mimic the sounds. I hope that helps!

  • Thanks! When I speak to the microphone I often get 1% correct even after relistenings and repetitions. That’s embarassing but I don’t know why!
    I think tricks like “final m is pronounced like ng” can help a lot. But I don’t know if I get more percentages.
    Let’s see.

    • So for the words that end in M, you don’t really pronounce the M. Instead, you are basically nasalizing the final vowel. At the end of the word, try bringing your mouth to the position it would be in for the sound “ng” in an English word like “thing”. This is a rough way to think of it, but it can be helpful for English speakers to get closer to the pronunciation. Use the audio examples above that end in -em to help you practice hearing and mimicking the final sound.

  • This is fantastic! I also love how simple Portuguese conjugations are! I should probably not get too carried away, as this is just the present tense, but so far so good. And this learning platform is exceptional quality! Well done 🙂

  • Just another suggestion. When you click on the verb to do the quiz and then finish, it would be good to have a link to go back to the unit you were in, instead of only a link to the verb page. I have to click on Learn -> Units and select the unit again to get back onto the unit page. Thanks!

    • Thanks for the feedback on this! To get back to the Learning Note, you can also just click the “back” button in your browser at the end of the quiz. 🙂

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