Discussing the Future in Portuguese

Discussing the Future in Portuguese

Below are the three main methods to talk about a future fact or inevitability:

Using IR

Just like in English, Portuguese uses the verb ir to go, followed by a verb in its infinitive form, to discuss the future.
Aside from very formal or literary contexts, this method is the most common. It’s also probably the easiest, because as long as you can conjugate “ir” in the present tense, you just need to know the next verb’s infinitive form, (“correr” and “chegar” in the examples below).

Eu vou correr I am going to run
Ela vai chegar amanhã She is going to arrive tomorrow
As you may have noticed, the verb “ir” is conjugated in the present tense, and must agree with the subject it is referring to. It would be a good idea to get very familiar with this verb:

ir
to go

Indicativo

Ir – Indicativo – Presente

Nós vamos lá muito.
We go there a lot.

  • eu vou
  • I go
  • tu vais
  • you go
  • ele / ela vai
  • he / she goes
  • você vai
  • you formal go
  • nós vamos
  • we go
  • eles / elas vão
  • they masc. / they fem. go
  • vocês vão
  • you pl. go


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Tips

  • One of the most common traps for learners transitioning from Spanish is to add an “a” after the “ir” conjugation, (“voy a correr”). In Portuguese, this never happens. Instead, you would say “vou correr”.
  • Even though it seems to make logical sense, you would never use this ir + infinitive construction with the verb “ir” itself. For example, you shouldn’t say “vou ir” or “ela vai ir” for the translation of “…going to go”. Although it’s sometimes heard in specific regions or other countries (including Brazil), this would make most Portuguese natives cringe! Instead, you would conjugate “ir” in the present tense, as described in the next section, (eu vou, ela vai, etc.).

Using the Present Tense

When it’s clear we’re talking about the future, such as when using a word like amanhã tomorrow or an expression like daqui a uma semana a week from now, the present tense can be used:
Eles chegam amanhã They arrive tomorrow
Ela faz anos daqui a uma semana She will have a birthday a week from now

Using “Futuro do Indicativo”

In formal and literary contexts, the simple future tense is used.
Ela chegará amanhã She will arrive tomorrow
Eu partirei amanhã I will leave tomorrow
This is also one of the easiest verb conjugations, because with the exception of only 3 verbs, the conjugation is formed by adding a simple ending after the infinitive verb (-ei, -ás, , -emos, -ão).
Below are a few common verbs, conjugated in the future tense:

falar
to speak

Indicativo

Falar – Indicativo – Futuro

Nós falaremos com ele amanhã.
We will talk to him tomorrow.

  • eu falarei
  • I will speak
  • tu falarás
  • you will speak
  • ele / ela falará
  • he / she will speak
  • você falará
  • you formal will speak
  • nós falaremos
  • we will speak
  • eles / elas falarão
  • they masc. / they fem. will speak
  • vocês falarão
  • you pl. will speak


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estar
to be (temporary or accidental condition)

Indicativo

Estar – Indicativo – Futuro

Vocês estarão recuperados em alguns dias.
You will have recovered in a few days.

  • eu estarei
  • I will be
  • tu estarás
  • you will be
  • ele / ela estará
  • he / she will be
  • você estará
  • you formal will be
  • nós estaremos
  • we will be
  • eles / elas estarão
  • they masc. / they fem. will be
  • vocês estarão
  • you pl. will be


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ter
to have

Indicativo

Ter – Indicativo – Futuro

O carro terá de ser reparado.
The car will have to be repaired.

  • eu terei
  • I will have
  • tu terás
  • you will have
  • ele / ela terá
  • he / she will have
  • você terá
  • you formal will have
  • nós teremos
  • we will have
  • eles / elas terão
  • they masc. / they fem. will have
  • vocês terão
  • you pl. will have


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3 Irregular Verbs

The only irregular verbs in this tense are “fazer”, “trazer” and “dizer”.
In these cases, we must first replace the ending “-zer” with “-r” (“far-“, “trar-“, and “dir-” respectively), before adding the ending:

fazer
to do

Indicativo

Fazer – Indicativo – Futuro

Eu sei que tu farás alguém feliz.
I know you will make someone happy.

  • eu farei
  • I will do
  • tu farás
  • you will do
  • ele / ela fará
  • he / she will do
  • você fará
  • you formal will do
  • nós faremos
  • we will do
  • eles / elas farão
  • they masc. / they fem. will do
  • vocês farão
  • you pl. will do


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trazer
to bring

Indicativo

Trazer – Indicativo – Futuro

O inverno trará muita chuva.
Winter will bring a lot of rain.

  • eu trarei
  • I will bring
  • tu trarás
  • you will bring
  • ele / ela trará
  • he / she will bring
  • você trará
  • you formal will bring
  • nós traremos
  • we will bring
  • eles / elas trarão
  • they masc. / they fem. will bring
  • vocês trarão
  • you pl. will bring


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dizer
to say

Indicativo

Dizer – Indicativo – Futuro

Nós diremos o que quisermos.
We will say what we want.

  • eu direi
  • I will say
  • tu dirás
  • you will say
  • ele / ela dirá
  • he / she will say
  • você dirá
  • you formal will say
  • nós diremos
  • we will say
  • eles / elas dirão
  • they masc. / they fem. will say
  • vocês dirão
  • you pl. will say


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