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Portuguese numbers

Introduction to Numbers in Portuguese

In this unit, we’ll learn about Portuguese numbers, known as números paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio numbers or numerais paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio numerals.
Números are just one type of quantificadores paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quantifiers, but they are so important that we thought they deserved their own unit. We’ll explore some of the other quantifiers in the How Much? How Many? unit. But for now, let’s go over the números, which simply tell us the specific, numeric amount of a particular something.

The 5 Types of Numbers:

  • cardinais paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cardinalCardinal numbers: 1, 2, 3…
  • ordinais paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio ordinalOrdinal numbers: First, second, third…
  • multiplicativos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio multiplierMultiplier numbers: Double, triple, quadruple…
  • fracionários paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio fractionalFractional numbers: Half (1/2), third (1/3), fourth (1/4)…
  • coletivos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio collectiveCollective numbers: Duo, trio, dozen…

We’ll focus on the cardinal numbers in this first unit (Numbers 1) and then we’ll practice forming higher numbers in the Numbers 2 unit. In Numbers 3, we’ll explore ordinal, multiplier, fractional, and collective numbers. Below you’ll find a handy reference chart with all 5 types of Portuguese numbers.

Portuguese Numbers Reference Chart:

Portuguese Numbers 0-1001 (Cover)

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Números
Cardinal Ordinal Multiplier Fractional Collective
0 zero paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
1 I um paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
uma paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
primeiro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
2 II dois paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
duas paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
segundo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio duplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
dobro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
meio paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
metade paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
duo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
dueto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
3 III três paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio terceiro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio triplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio terço paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio trio paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
4 IV quatro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quarto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quádruplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quarto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quarteto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
5 V cinco paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quinto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quíntuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quinto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quinteto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
6 VI seis paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sexto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sêxtuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sexto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio meia dúzia paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
sexteto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
7 VII sete paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sétimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio séptuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sétimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
8 VIII oito paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio oitavo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio óctuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio oitavo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
9 IX nove paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio nono paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio nono paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio novena paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
10 X dez paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dezena paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
década paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
11 XI onze paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo primeiro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio undécuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio onze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
12 XII doze paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo segundo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio duodécuplo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio doze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dúzia paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
13 XIII treze paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo terceiro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio treze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
14 XIV catorze paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo quarto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio catorze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
15 XV quinze paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo quinto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quinze avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
16 XVI dezasseis paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo sexto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dezasseis avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
17 XVII dezassete paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo sétimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dezassete avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
18 XVIII dezoito paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo oitavo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dezoito avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
19 XIX dezanove paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio décimo nono paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio dezanove avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
20 XX vinte paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio vigésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio vinte avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
21 XXI vinte e um paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio vigésimo primeiro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio vinte e um avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
25 XXV vinte e cinco paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio vigésimo quinto paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio vinte e cinco avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quarteirão paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
30 XXX trinta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio trigésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio trinta avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
40 XL quarenta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quadragésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quarenta avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
50 L cinquenta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quinquagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cinquenta avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
60 LX sessenta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sexagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio sessenta avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
70 LXX setenta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio septuagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio setenta avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
80 LXXX oitenta paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio octogésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio oitenta avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
90 XC noventa paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio nonagésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio noventa avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
100 C cem paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio centésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cem avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio centena paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
101 CI cento e um paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio centésimo primeiro paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio cento e um avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
200 CC duzentos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio ducentésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio duzentos avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
300 CCC trezentos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio tricentésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio trezentos avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
400 CD quatrocentos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quadringentésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quatrocentos avos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio
500 D quinhentos paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quingentésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio quinhentos avos Play normal audio
600 DC seiscentos Play normal audio sexcentésimo Play normal audio seiscentos avos Play normal audio
700 DCC setecentos Play normal audio septingentésimo Play normal audio setecentos avos Play normal audio
800 DCCC oitocentos Play normal audio octingentésimo Play normal audio oitocentos avos Play normal audio
900 CM novecentos Play normal audio nongentésimo Play normal audio novecentos avos Play normal audio
1000 M mil paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio milésimo paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio mil avos Play normal audio milhar Play normal audio
1001 MI mil e um Play normal audio milésimo primeiro Play normal audio mil e um avos Play normal audio

Portuguese Numbers Notation

In some English-speaking countries, such as the US and UK, numbers are typically written as such: 12,345.67. In Portugal, however, it would be 12.345,67 with the comma and decimal point reversed. Alternatively, you may just see a space instead of a comma or decimal point for large whole numbers, as in 20 000 (instead of 20,000 or 20.000). Note: In our exercises, we typically avoid any spacing or punctuation, just to keep things simple when entering your response.

Comments

  • Hi again,
    I think this is a brilliant table. I only wish it was accompanied by the sounds.
    Thanks again
    Laura P

  • I agree with above comment. If we are learning numbers, it’s nice to get the basic pronunciation of it.
    Going into the lesson to get the pronunciation, without knowing the previous lessons doesn’t work.
    But, at least I know what the 1 & 2 are….

  • It is interesting that in the audio clips of numbers ending in “e” such as “sete”, “nove”, “catorze”, etc. the normal speed voice does not pronounce the final “e”, however in the slow clips (turtles) there the final “e” is sounded. As I remember these final “e”s were pronounced in Brazil, and it is hard for me to get out of that habit. Does this vary between different speakers or regional accents in Portugal? Would all European Portuguese speakers pronounce these final “e”s if speaking slowly, but drop them in normal speech? Probably this is not an important point, but I am curious. Muito obrigado

    • Yes, those final Es are often dropped in European Portuguese in normal speech and may also be dropped when speaking slowly. I don’t think there’s any regional variation, but I couldn’t confirm this. One variation you might notice between different speakers is when those words are followed by another word that starts with a vowel, e.g. “sete anos”. Many people will drop the E as usual and say “setanos“, while others will turn the E into an I (“ee” sound, in English) with which they link the two words: “setianos“. I also can’t say that there’s any regional pattern for that, just something I notice in different people 🙂

  • Obrigado. It is interesting but sometimes confusing to hear some of these variations. However, we have the same sort of thing in English as well. I appreciate your detailed answer.

  • The chart is really helpful. As a beginner, I need a bit of clarification. For 1 and 2, are those masculine and feminine and are they the only two numbers that have M/F versions? How do I know which one to use? Also, can you add zero to the chart? Many phone numbers, NIFs, addresses have zeros and I want to make sure I am saying and hearing it right. Thanks!

    • Yes those are the only numbers that have M/F versions. This includes any numbers that end in 1 or 2 also. For example: vinte e duas pessoas (fem.) vs. vinte e dois carros (masc.).

      Just added zero! Thanks for pointing that out. 🙂

  • Thanks for the speedy response! Of course I found the answers right after I pressed send. And thanks for adding zero!

  • I am very glad to learn with your course! I love it and I will recommend you.The table is very helpful. Is it possible for me to print it?

    • Thanks! So glad to hear you are enjoying it! Unfortunately the formatting will get a bit messed up if you try to print it. But perhaps we can add a pdf version that will be more clear. I’ll add it to the list. 🙂

    • Terça and terceira are synonyms, both derived from the Latin word tertia. I don’t have a solid answer for why the day of the week became Terça, but it could’ve been to avoid the jarring rhyme in terceira-feira.

  • Olã,
    I love your brilliant way of teaching portuguese!
    When I read the list above I saw that you wrote “séptublo” but the other 7´s lost this p. The same with “septuagésimo” and “septingentésimo”. I know that in the past, bevore the reform the p was used more often. Is there a rule for this?
    Muito obrigada!

    • Thank you, Andrea!
      Sete and sétimo already had this spelling under the previous norm, so nothing changed for them. Séptuplo has a double spelling, with or without the first P, probably because the pronunciation varies across regions, so they made room for both variations. The P in septuagésimo and septingentésimo has always been pronounced, so these words also retained their previous spelling. Basically, the spelling reform only cut off muted consonants (apart from H in Portugal). If they are pronounced, they stay 🙂

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