Combining "De" with Demonstratives

Combining "De" with Demonstratives

You learned in The Preposition “De” (from the first Prepositions unit) that “de” has several different meanings and can be joined together (contracted) with:

  • articles (do, da, dos, das), and
  • pronouns (dele, dela, deles, delas)

Another very common combination is with demonstratives, both variable and invariable. These are the possible contractions:

Relative Position and NumberDemonstrative (masc/fem/invariable)Contraction (masc/fem/invariable)English Equivalent
Near the speaker (singular):este/esta/istodeste/desta/distothis
Near the speaker (plural):estes/estas/—destes/destas/—these
Near the listener (singular):esse/essa/issodesse/dessa/dissothat
Near the listener (plural):esses/essas/—desses/dessas/—those
Away from both (singular):aquele/aquela/aquilodaquele/daquela/daquilothat
Away from both (plural):aqueles/aquelas/—daqueles/daquelas/—those

These contractions can express possession, origin, direction, and more. Here are some examples:
Este livro é deste autor This book is from this male author
Vou dessa cidade para aquela amanhã I will go from that near listener town to that far away one tomorrow
Deita fora os restos daqueles pratos Throw away the leftovers from those plates
Remember that with invariable demonstratives, the contractions formed cannot be followed by nouns, because they usually describe something unknown or abstract. The same is true when they are contracted with “de”:
Não gosto disto I don't like this
Tudo mudou depois daquilo Everything changed after that

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