The Portuguese calendar has several holidays and holiday periods throughout the year. Holiday can have two meanings in Portuguese:
- o feriado Play normal audio holiday – A public holiday, or day to celebrate something of specific cultural or religious importance at a local or national level.
- férias Play slow audio Play normal audio holiday, holidays, vacation – A planned period of time off work or school. Férias are often scheduled around important feriados.
Some of the Main Holidays in Portugal
In Portuguese, the structure of dates is dia de mês de ano (day of month of year), and the numbers are typically cardinal, not ordinal. That means that you say um de janeiro Play slow audio Play normal audio January one instead of primeiro de janeiro Play slow audio Play normal audio January first. You may have also noticed that the names of the months and days of the week are not capitalized in Portuguese, as they are in English.
In written form, dates appear as dd/mm/yyyy or dd/mm/yy. Talking about holidays is a great way to practice saying dates and memorizing the days of the week and the months:
O desfile de Carnaval é na próxima terça-feira à tarde. Play slow audio Play normal audio The Carnival parade is next Tuesday afternoon.
O domingo de Páscoa é esta semana. Boa Páscoa! Play slow audio Play normal audio Easter Sunday is this week. Happy Easter!
Houve fogo de artifício na noite de 10 de junho. Play slow audio Play normal audio There were fireworks on the evening of June 10.