The Verb “Pôr” – In a Group of Its Own?

You may be surprised to learn that all verbs ending in -OR are actually part of the same group as verbs that end in –ER. 🤔 More on that in a moment, but first let’s look at the present tense conjugations, which are irregular:

pôr
to put

Indicativo

Pôr – Indicativo – Presente

Ele põe demasiado açúcar no café.
He puts too much sugar in his coffee.

  • eu ponho
  • I put
  • tu pões
  • you put
  • ele / ela põe
  • he / she puts
  • você põe
  • you formal put
  • nós pomos
  • we put
  • eles / elas põem
  • they masc. / they fem. put
  • vocês põem
  • you pl. put

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There are also some derivative verbs that end in “-por” (notice the dropped ˆ circumflex). These verbs are conjugated with the same endings:

compor
to compose

Indicativo

Compor – Indicativo – Presente

Tu compões peças lindas.
You compose beautiful pieces.

  • eu componho
  • I compose
  • tu compões
  • you compose
  • ele / ela compõe
  • he / she composes
  • você compõe
  • you formal compose
  • nós compomos
  • we compose
  • eles / elas compõem
  • they masc. / they fem. compose
  • vocês compõem
  • you pl. compose

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propor
to propose

Indicativo

Propor – Indicativo – Presente

Eu proponho que acabemos isto amanhã.
I propose that we finish this tomorrow.

  • eu proponho
  • I propose
  • tu propões
  • you propose
  • ele / ela propõe
  • he / she proposes
  • você propõe
  • you formal propose
  • nós propomos
  • we propose
  • eles / elas propõem
  • they masc. / they fem. propose
  • vocês propõem
  • you pl. propose

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These “-por” verbs are considered part of the -ER group because of their Latin origins: pôr used to be written as poer (so, with an -ER ending), which comes from the Latin word ponere.

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