Interjections

Interjections are words with an emotive function. They are used to express emotions, sensations, and moods. They can be just simple vowel sounds, like Ah! Play normal audio and Oh! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio , but most are either a free word or a phrase, in which case we call them locuções interjetivas Play normal audio .
The same interjeição paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio interjection can have different meanings depending on the context in which it appears, its purpose, and the speaker’s attitude. Even with simple vowel sounds, sometimes changing the tone and extending the sound will give it another meaning.
Ai! Bati com o joelho na mesa. paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Ah! I hit the table with my knee.
Ai! Já me estou a passar contigo. paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Ah! You're getting on my nerves.
Interjections can be used as a standalone reply / affirmation, or they can be followed by a sentence.
Basta! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Enough!
Irra! Vocês não conseguem mesmo estar calados, pois não? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Geez! You really can't keep quiet, can you?
There’s practically an unlimited number of interjeições paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio interjections, but below you will find the most common grouped by meaning/context.

Happy / Compliments

Boa! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Nice! Bem bom! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Very good! Espetacular! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Spectacular! Sim senhor! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Well done! Maravilha! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Wonderful! Que bom paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio That's great, How nice Ainda bem! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I'm glad! Muito bem! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Well done! Adoro! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I love it! Iupi! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Yippee!

Cheering

Vamos! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Let's go! Força! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Go for it!, Stay strong! Vai! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Go! Bora! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Let's go! Siga! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Go! Coragem! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Courage! Anda! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Come on! Boa! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Nice! Bem! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Good! Apoiado! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I support you! Bravo! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Congratulations! Parabéns! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Congratulations! Continua! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Go on! Dá-lhe! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio

Desires / Wishes

Tomara! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hope so! Oxalá! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hopefully! Quem me dera! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I wish! Deus queira! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio God willing! Se Deus quiser! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio God willing! Espero bem! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I hope so! Espero que sim! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I hope so!

Surprised

Ah! Play normal audio Ih! Play normal audio Elá! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Ui! Play normal audio Ena! Play normal audio Caramba! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Não pode! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio It can't be! Não posso! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I can't! Não acredito! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I don't believe it! Ai, o quê? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio What? Macacos me mordam! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I'll be a monkey's uncle!

Impatience / Frustration

Ai! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Oh! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Epá! Play normal audio Opá! Play normal audio Mau! Play normal audio Irra! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Geez! Bolas! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Geez! Poxa! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Gosh! Sinceramente! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Oh, honestly! Francamente! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Oh, honestly! Enfim! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Finally!, Anyway!

Anger

Porra! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Damn! Chiça! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Geez! Irra! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Geez! Raios partam! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Damnit! Mau! Play normal audio

Commands

Shiu! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Shh! Caluda! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Shut up! Silêncio! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Silence! Chega! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Enough! Basta! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Enough! Acabou! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio It's over! Parou! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Stop it! Alto! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hold it! Fora! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Out! Rua! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Out! Chô! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Shoo!

Calling

Ó! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Ei! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hey! Psiu! Play normal audio Psst! Olha! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Look! Ajuda! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Help! Socorro! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Help!

Agreeing

Claro! Play normal audio Of course! Certo! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Right! Perfeito! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Perfect! Sem dúvida! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio No doubt! Ora! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Well! Isso mesmo! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio That's right! Sim! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Yes!

Apologizing

Ups! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Oops! Desculpa! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Sorry! Foi sem querer! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio It was an accident! Perdão! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Forgive me!

Greetings / Saying goodbye

Olá! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hi! Boas! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hello! Viva! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Howdy! Tchau! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Bye! Xau! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Bye! Adeus! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Goodbye! Boa noite! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Goodnight! Até amanhã! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio See you tomorrow! Até sempre! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio So long!

Horror / Fear

Ai! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Credo! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Heavens! Céus! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Heavens! Meu Deus! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio My God! Jesus! Play normal audio Que medo! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio How scary! Que horror! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio How awful!

Relief

Ufa! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Graças a Deus! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Thank God! Aleluia! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hallelujah Finalmente! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Finally! Até que enfim! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Finally!

Doubts / Questions

Hã!? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Huh!? Quê!? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio What!? Como assim!? paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio How come!?

Warnings

Alerta! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Warning! Cuidado! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Careful! Atenção! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Watch out! Toma atenção! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Pay attention! Olha! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Look!

Pain / Sadness

Ai! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Ouch! Ah! Play normal audio Au! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Ouch! Oh! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Coitado de mim! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Poor me! Que dor! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Such pain!

Using Portuguese Interjections

Many of the expressions shown above can be combined with each other, often following the simple vowel sounds + a free word structure.

  • Ai, credo! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Oh God! Oh, desculpa! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Oh, I'm sorry! Epá, porra! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Goddamnit!

Another way to use interjeições is to combine them with other words such as adverbs and pronouns.

  • Força nisso! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Have at it!, Go for it! Alto ! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio Hold it right there!

Also, you may have noticed that some expressions already have pronouns, like Quem me dera! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio I wish! for example. You can change the pronoun to te or nos and have the interjection reference other people, as in Quem te dera! paused audio playing audio Play slow audio Play normal audio You wish!

Comments

  • Eu adoro com de costume e sou muito triste que não existe em francês
    Continuam Bravo muito Obrigada para Tudos os shorties
    Valerie

  • This is a really useful list. Thank you for putting it together. There are a couple of minor issues. The English translation of Força nisso doesn’t make any sense (at least in British English). I wonder if you meant ‘Hard at it’.
    It’s no big deal but for your information, the recordings for Não Posso are the wrong way round. The tortoise is normal speech whereas the speaker icon is the slowed down versionl

    • Thanks for the feedback! Yes I think “Have at it!” must be an American phrase. What about “Go for it!”, would you say that in British English? I think “hard at it” is similar, but you wouldn’t say that on its own directed toward someone, like “Hard at it!”, right? You would just say something like “Wow, you are hard at it!” And thanks for noticing the audio switch – I’ve made a note for that to be corrected.

  • Thanks for the prompt reply. I have never come across this Americanism so I presumed it was a typo, hence suggesting hard at it. You are of course quite right, ‘hard at it’ cannot stand alone except possibly as a question. So am I correct in thinking that ‘Força nisso’ carries the same sense as just ‘Força!’ but just more emphatic or is there a difference in meaning here?

  • Hello I am trying to figure out if “Valor” or anything similar in spelling is a Portuguese word. It’s a borrowed word in my native language and I am trying to figure this out. For context, this is generally used to appreciate or give props when someone does something major or outside their wheelhouse. Thanks!

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