Types of Houses and Rooms

Either you decided to comprar to buy or arrendar to rent property a place in Portugal, here are some of the main types of housing you probably had to choose from:

Types of Housing

  • um quarto A single room – A private bedroom for yourself in a house shared with other people.
  • um apartamento a flat, apartment – A complete, unshared home, but in um prédio a building shared with others.
    • You can further distinguish between um estúdio a studio apartment which has fewer divisions, or perhaps an apartment with two floors, which, just like in English, is called um duplex a duplex.
  • uma vivenda A detached house – A house that is not connected to any other others, which might even contain um quintal a garden.
  • casas geminadas semi-detached houses – Somewhere in between a detached house and an apartment, which share a single common wall to form a two-unit building.
  • uma quinta farm – A larger property in which the residential function of the building is combined with agricultural work.

Aquele casal comprou um apartamento no sétimo andar. That couple bought an apartment on the seventh floor.
A minha família tem uma quinta no campo. My family has a farm on the countryside.

Types of Rooms

Now that you’ve described the type of home, let’s take a look inside:
a cozinha kitchen
a sala de estar living room
a sala de jantar dining room
o quarto bedroom
a casa de banho bathroom
a despensa pantry
a varanda balcony
o sótão attic
a cave basement
o corredor hallway, corridor
a entrada entrance
The building itself might also contain a um elevador an elevator, lift, as an alternative to taking as escadas the stairs. Both of them let you access all of os andares the floors of a building.
You might also have uma garagem a garage for your car, bike, or simply for extra storage space.
A minha casa tem dois quartos com varandas. My house has two bedrooms with balconies.
A casa de banho é no fim do corredor. The bathroom is at the end of the hallway.

House Types by Number of Rooms in Portugal

There’s a simple system in Portugal to describe how many rooms a house has. First, you count the number of bedrooms and precede it with the letter “T” (for any house type) or a “V” (used occasionally, only for detached houses).
Only the bedrooms are counted because it’s assumed that every house has a kitchen, living room and bathroom. So, for example, if you had an apartment with two bedrooms, it would be a T2.
If you had a villa with 4 bedrooms, it would be a V4.
A studio apartment with no separate bedrooms would be a T0. This terminology is ubiquitous in property listings in Portugal.
That’s about all for now! Go ahead and work your way through the quizzes to memorize and explore the usage of these words as well as other useful terms.


  • Hello,

    Re: tourism and buying a house 1 and 2

    Haw far through the earlier lessons should I be before I take these Lessons? I plan to go to Portugal in November. At some point, probably next year we will be purchasing a home. There is a chance we may look at homes in November.

    What is your advice regarding these lessons?


    • Hi! Don’t think you have to go through every single lesson sequentially before you touch those three 🙂 Since they are mostly about gaining new vocabulary centered on a certain topic, rather than exploring grammar concepts (those tend to build upon previous lessons more), you can explore them relatively early, if you’d like. If you feel like it’s too much, too soon, you can always come back to it later and even reset your score if you want a clean slate.

What did you think? Leave a Comment for Rui & Joel:

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.