Types of Houses and Rooms

Types of Houses and Rooms

How would you describe the place where you live in Portuguese? To start with, you could describe the type of home you live in.

Types of Housing

When looking for a place to live, the two main choices are comprar to buy and arrendar to rent property.

  • um quarto A single room – A private bedroom for yourself in a house shared with other people.
  • um apartamento a flat, apartment – A complete, unshared home, but in um prédio a building shared with others.
    • You can further distinguish between um estúdio a studio apartment which has fewer divisions, or perhaps an apartment with two floors, which, just like in English, is called um duplexa duplex.
  • uma vivenda A detached house – A house that is not connected to any other others, which might even contain um quintal a garden.
  • casas geminadas semi-detached houses – Somewhere in between a detached house and an apartment, which share a single common wall to form a two-unit building.
  • uma quinta farm – A larger property in which the residential function of the building is combined with agricultural work.

Aquele casal comprou um apartamento no sétimo andar. That couple bought an apartment on the seventh floor.
A minha família tem uma quinta no campo. My family has a farm on the countryside.

Types of Rooms

Now that you’ve described the type of home, let’s take a look inside:
a cozinha kitchen
a sala de estar living room
a sala de jantar dining room
o quarto bedroom
a casa de banho bathroom
a despensa pantry
a varanda balcony
o sótão attic
a cave basement
o corredor hallway, corridor
a entrada entrance
The building itself might also contain a um elevador an elevator, lift, as an alternative to taking as escadas the stairs. Both of them let you access all of os andares the floors of a building.
You might also have uma garagem a garage for your car, bike, or simply for extra storage space.
A minha casa tem dois quartos com varandas. My house has two bedrooms with balconies.
A casa de banho é no fim do corredor. The bathroom is at the end of the hallway.

House Types by Number of Rooms in Portugal

There’s a simple system in Portugal to describe how many rooms a house has. First, you count the number of bedrooms and precede it with the letter “T” (for any house type) or a “V” (used occasionally, only for detached houses).
Only the bedrooms are counted because it’s assumed that every house has a kitchen, living room and bathroom. So, for example, if you had an apartment with two bedrooms, it would be a T2.
If you had a villa with 4 bedrooms, it would be a V4.
A studio apartment with no separate bedrooms would be a T0. This terminology is ubiquitous in property listings in Portugal.
That’s about all for now! Go ahead and work your way through the quizzes to memorize and explore the usage of these words as well as other useful terms.

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