If you need to tell the time, “Ser” is your go-to verb. Examples: São duas horas.It is two o’clock. É meia-noite.It is midnight.
“Ser” is what you use to describe what you do or what you are. Example: Elas são professoras.They are teachers.
Determining Something’s Purpose
Do you need to describe what something is used for? “Ser” is what you need here. Example: A pá é para escavar.The shovel is for digging.
“Ser” is used to describe where something is or stands. Example: O estádio é ali.The stadium is over there.
Physical and Psychological Traits
“Ser” is used to describe someone’s general temperament or traits. Example: Nós somos simpáticos.We are nice.
If you need to talk about a group or entity you belong to, you’ll use “Ser”. Examples: Vocês são escuteiros.You are scouts. Tu és budista.You are a Buddhist.
And there we go! There are a few other ways of using “Ser”, of course, but these should help get you started. The rule to remember is: “Ser” is usually used for permanent conditions, traits, or things.