By now, “Ser” should be more familiar to you. But what about estarto be non-permanent state? Let’s have a closer look at some of the contexts in which you use the verb “Estar”.
What are you feeling? “Estar” is used to convey feelings. Example: Estou tão triste.I am so sad.
“Estar” is often used for weather. Example: Hoje está calor.It is hot today.
Similarly, “Estar” is also used to describe temperatures. Example: Está muito frio.It is very cold.
For Describing a Temporary Stay
Staying somewhere briefly? Then “Estar” is what you must use. Example: Hoje estou na floresta.Today I am at the forest.
If you need to tell someone how you’re dressed, you can use “Estar” too. Example: Estou de calções azuis, t-shirt branca, e sapatilhas.I am wearing blue shorts, a white t-shirt, and trainers.
For Describing Positions
“Estar” is used to describe your bodily position or how a thing is currently positioned. Examples: Tu estás deitado na cama.You are lying on your bed. A Daniela está sentada.Daniela is sitting down.
Use “Estar” to describe an action currently being carried out. Example: Estou a conduzir.I am driving. There are other ways of using “Estar”, too. Just remember: “Estar” is used for non-permanent (i.e. temporary) conditions, traits, or things.