Conjunctions (conjunções) are words that connect other words, phrases or sentences to each other.
Unlike adjectives, conjunctions do not change according to a subject’s gender or quantity. They always stay the same.
Simple Conjunctions vs. Conjunction Phrases
Depending on how many words it contains, a conjunction may be:
- Simple (simples) if it consists of only one word:
O homem e a mulher estão felizes The man and the woman are happy
Come mais, se quiseres Eat more, if you want
- Conjunction phrases (locuções conjuntivas) if they are made up of multiple words. These sentences are sometimes more challenging to construct since they often require the use of the “conjuntivo” verb mood in the second part of the sentence. Example:
Ele fala como se nada tivesse acontecido. He talks as if nothing had happened
Coordinating Conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas)
- Used to link clauses (parts of the sentence) that have equal importance
- Both parts of the sentence could be separated without changing the meaning.
Subordinating Conjunctions (conjunções subordinadas)
- Connects a dependent clause to an independent one (making one subordinate and dependent on the other).
- Notice in this example that the conjunction porque tells you that the second clause is the reason for the first clause:
Não espero por ela porque ela demora muito tempoI don't wait for her because she takes a lot of time