Coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas) connect elements of a sentence that carry equal weight or importance. These conjunctions are used to connect two items or two sentence parts (clauses) that are related, but could also work independently from each other.
You already learned about 3 essential conjunctions back in a previous lesson, (e and, mas but, ou or).
Coordinating conjunctions are divided into the following main categories:
- Copulative (copulativas)
- Disjunctive (disjuntivas)
- Adversative (adversativas)
- Conclusive (conclusivas)
- Explicative (explicativas)
You can continue reading for a breakdown of each of these. Don’t worry, we’ll also show them to you as needed in each individual lesson!
Copulative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas copulativas) link similar parts of the sentence together with a simple additive effect. Here are a few common examples:
Let’s see some examples of how to use these in a sentence:Read More
Disjunctive coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas disjuntivas) express an idea of choice or alternative, that only one of the parts of the sentence can be true.
The most obvious example is ou or
Here are some examples of disjunctive conjunction phrases:Read More
Adversative coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas adversativas) indicate a contrast between parts of the sentence.
Conclusive coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas conclusivas), as the name implies, express a consequence or conclusion. These are similar to explicative coordinating conjunctions, but they more specifically indicate a cause and effect relationship between parts of the sentence.
In the right context, pois and logo can also be included in this group (although as standalone words they don’t really have clear English translations).
Explicative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas explicativas), link parts of the sentence to indicate a reason or explanation.