Intro to Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas) connect elements of a sentence that carry equal weight or importance. These conjunctions are used to connect two items or two sentence parts (clauses) that are related, but could also work independently from each other.
You already learned about 3 essential conjunctions back in a previous lesson, (e and, mas butou or).
Coordinating conjunctions are divided into the following main categories:

  • Copulative (copulativas)
  • Disjunctive (disjuntivas)
  • Adversative (adversativas)
  • Conclusive (conclusivas)
  • Explicative (explicativas)

You can continue reading for a breakdown of each of these. Don’t worry, we’ll also show them to you as needed in each individual lesson!

Copulative – Coordinating Conjunctions

Copulative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas copulativas) link similar parts of the sentence together with a simple additive effect. Here are a few common examples:

e and nem nor

não só... como também not only...but also tanto...como just as much as

Let’s see some examples of how to use these in a sentence:Read More


Disjunctive – Coordinating Conjunctions

Disjunctive coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas disjuntivas) express an idea of choice or alternative, that only one of the parts of the sentence can be true.
The most obvious example is ou or

Example:
Eu fico em casa, ou vou à rua I'll stay at home or I'll go to the street

Here are some examples of disjunctive conjunction phrases:Read More


Adversative – Coordinating Conjunctions

Adversative coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas adversativas) indicate a contrast between parts of the sentence.

The most common ones are mas but and no entanto however.

Examples:
O cão é calmo; no entanto pode morder The dog is calm; however, it may bite
Tu tens sono, mas não podes dormir You are tired but you can't sleep

Some less common adversative conjunctions are porém however, contudo however, todavia however, ainda assim even so and apesar disso despite this.

Examples:Read More


Conclusive – Coordinating Conjunctions

Conclusive coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas conclusivas), as the name implies, express a consequence or conclusion. These are similar to explicative coordinating conjunctions, but they more specifically indicate a cause and effect relationship between parts of the sentence.

The most common simple conjunction is portanto therefore.

Example:
Não quero ir, portanto não vou I don't want to go, therefore I won't go

In the right context, pois and logo can also be included in this group (although as standalone words they don’t really have clear English translations).
Examples:Read More


Explicative – Coordinating Conjunctions

Explicative coordinating conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas explicativas), link parts of the sentence to indicate a reason or explanation.

The most common are:
porque because
como as
pois since

Examples:Read More

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