Storage, Tools And Cooking

Food Storage

There are many different places and containers you can use to store or preserve food. 

  • Food that can be stored at room temperature can be placed in the despensa pantry, in the armário de cozinha kitchen cabinet, or right on the bancada counter or mesa table. Fruit, in particular, can be put in a fruteira fruit holder, which might be a bowl, basket, or a whole multi-tiered stand.

  • Food that needs to be preserved at lower temperatures could be placed in the frigorífico fridge, others in the congelador freezer. Some people might have a arca frigorífica freezer cabinet, which is a bigger freezer, separate from the fridge.

Cooking Tools and Appliances

To prepare food on the kitchen counter or table, we often use a tábua de cortar cutting board.

When cutting meat or vegetables, you might use a faca de chef chef's knife or a faca para vegetais paring knife. If cutting bread, then a faca serrilhada serrated knife would be more appropriate.

A coador colander is useful when washing vegetables or draining the pasta you just cooked.

Other common utensils are colheres de pau wooden spoons, pinças tongs, and espátulas spatulas.

Here are some other useful vocabulary words for the kitchen:

English Portuguese English Portuguese
grater ralador food processor processador de alimentos
mixer batedeira microwave micro-ondas
juicer espremedor stove fogão
blender liquidificadora induction cooktop placa de indução
kettle chaleira oven forno
toaster tostadeira grill grelhador
whisk batedor rolling pin rolo da massa
nutcracker quebra-nozes pressure cooker panela de pressão
coffee maker cafeteira weighing scale balança

When cooking food, you can use a variety of cookware. These include panelas pots, caçarolas casseroles, tachos pans, and frigideiras frying pansAlso, don’t forget to wear luvas (de forno) oven mitts when using the oven.

Tableware

Tableware includes talheres cutlery, pratos plates, serving dishes and copos glassware.

When it comes to cutlery, the three main eating utensils are colheres spoons, garfos forks and facas knives.

Below you can see a table with the most common utensils at a Portuguese table.

English Portuguese English Portuguese
platter travessa glass copo
bowl tigela, taça cup chávena
ladle concha mug caneca
bread basket cesto de pão bottle garrafa
coffee spoon colher de café napkins guardanapo
pitcher, jug jarro saucer pires

Cooking Techniques

English Portuguese
boiled cozido(a), fervido(a)
steamed cozido(a) a vapor
fried frito(a)
roasted assado(a)
grilled grelhado(a)

 
Examples:
Peixe com batatas cozidas.Fish with boiled potatoes.
Legumes cozidos a vapor. Steamed vegetables.
O pastel de bacalhau é frito. The codfish cake is fried.
Ela gosta de carne assada.She likes roasted meat
Salmão grelhado é saudável.