Learning Notes

Variable Demonstrative Pronouns – Singular

February 23, 2017

Variable demonstrative pronouns ( pronomes demonstrativos variáveis ) like all demonstrative pronouns, are used to identify all of the following at once: a person or object’s gender the number (one or more) their position in space or time. The “demonstrative” part of this fancy pronoun’s name, refers to the last point above; the item’s position. We […]

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Introduction to Demonstrative Pronouns

February 20, 2017

Demonstrative pronouns (pronomes demonstrativos) generally help to identify a person or object by establishing their location in relation to the speaker, the listener or simply within the general context. They can tell us, for example, whether something is close or distant in space or time. This is just an overview, so don’t overwhelm yourself with memorizing […]

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The Preposition "Em"

January 21, 2017

This preposition is usually a bit easier to understand compared to others. Although there are multiple uses, it most commonly refers to being “in” something, either physically or conceptually: “Em” can also have other meanings, for example: Contractions When “em” is combined with the articles a, o, as, or os they become na, no, nas, or nos “Em” is also commonly […]

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Por & Para

January 21, 2017

This is a topic that is tricky for English speakers, because although both of these words can mean “for”, you have to choose the correct one depending on the situation. Para Para can mean “for”, “to”, “in order to” or “towards”. To refer to a destination or result, you would always choose “para” instead of “por”. Por […]

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The Preposition "De"

January 21, 2017

De is one of the first Portuguese prepositions to be learned, because it’s used extremely often in multiple situations. It can correspond to many different English translations, depending on context. About By On Of From Sometimes “de” may even be used in situations where there is… No English Preposition: Contractions When “de” is combined with the articles […]

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Prepositions in Portuguese

January 21, 2017

What is a Preposition? Prepositions are short words that usually occur before a noun. To get us started, here are a few examples that translate somewhat easily into English: You may have noticed that the first two examples use the same word in different ways:  There are many situations like this, in which a Portuguese preposition corresponds […]

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New Year’s Eve Traditions in Portugal

December 14, 2016

In Portugal, A noite de Ano Novo
New Year’s Eve
is full of traditions and superstitions. Just like Christmas, the celebration begins with a family dinner, and even more holiday sweets.

It’s All About o Dinheiro!

Superstition says that you can attract dinheiro
money
by eating chocolate.

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The Holiday Season in Portugal

December 14, 2016

Portugal has no official religion, but most of it’s population is Christian (81% Catholic). However, only about 19% attend mass and take the sacraments regularly. In Portugal, Church and State are formally separate, but the Catholic Institution still has a strong influence, especially for the older population. Like other parts of the world, holidays like have […]

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Explicative – Coordinative Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Explicative Coordenative Conjunctions (Conjunções Coordenativas Explicativas) Similar to conclusive conjunctions, these provides an explanation for why something happened. The most common are: Examples: Explicative conjunctions are often used in combination with the “imperativo” verb form (which is used to express a command).

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Conclusive – Coordinative Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Conclusive Coordenative Conjunctions (Conjunções Coordenativas Conclusivas), as the name implies, express a consequence or conclusion, or cause and effect. The most common simple conjunction is . Example: In the right context, pois and logo can also be included in this group (although as standalone words they don’t really have clear English translations). Examples: Here are […]

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Disjuntive – Coordinative Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Disjuntive Coordenative Conjunctions (Conjunções Coordenativas Disjuntivas) express an idea of choice or alternative, and that only one of the options can be true, (not both). The most obvious example is Example: Here are some examples of these conjunctions made up of multiple words (conjunction phrases): Examples:

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Adversative – Coordinative Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Adversative Coordinative Conjunctions (Conjunções Coordenativas Adversativas) indicate facts or concepts that create a contrast between the two parts of the sentence. The most common ones are and . Examples: Some less common adversative conjunctions are , , , and . Examples: The conjunctions e, agora, and quando can also be considered adversative when they are […]

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Copulative – Coordinative Conjunctions

December 12, 2016

Copulative Coordinative Conjunctions (Conjunções Coordenativas Copulativas) establish an idea of addition, or accumulation. The following conjunctions phrases emphasize the content of the second part of the sentence: Examples: can also be considered part of this group when it is used to mean Example:

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Introduction to Conjuctions

December 8, 2016

Conjunctions (conjunções) are words that connect other words, phrases or sentences to each other.
Unlike adjectives, for example, conjunctions do not change according to a subject’s gender or quantity. They always stay the same.

Simples vs. Locuções Conjuntivas

Depending on how many words it contains, a conjunction may be:

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Intro to Coordinative Conjunctions

December 7, 2016

Coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas) connect two elements of a sentence that carry equal weight or importance. These conjunctions are used to connect two items or two sentence parts (clauses) together that are related, but could also work independently from each other.
You already learned about 3 essential conjunctions back in a previous lesson, (e
and
, mas
but
ou
or
).

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Regular vs. Irregular Verbs

July 11, 2016

In previous lessons, you got to learn the verb Ser, which we told you was an irregular verb. Because if learning 50 conjugations of a verb wasn’t enough, we also have to watch out for the dreaded irregular verbs 🙈 Why are they called that? Well, they are irregular because they don’t follow the same […]

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Introduction to Portuguese Verbs

July 11, 2016

Knowing what gender things are, and being able to point things out, is all well and good, but you won’t get very far if you can’t recognise how things interact with one another. For this, you need verbs! This article is a brief overview of how verbs work in Portuguese. This is just an initial […]

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Introduction to European Portuguese

July 11, 2016

Countries that Speak Portuguese Did you know that Portuguese is the 6th most spoken language in the world? You already know that Portuguese is spoken in Portugal, but there are also many other countries that speak the language. Here’s a list, (descending in population): Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Portugal, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Macau, Cape Verde, São […]

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Definite Articles in Portuguese (Masculine vs. Feminine, Plurals)

July 11, 2016

Masculine & Feminine In Portuguese, almost every noun (person, place or thing) is either masculine or feminine. If you haven’t studied a Romance language before, this may seem strange at first. After all, in English we usually only assign gender to people or living things, right? Here are two examples of what we mean by […]

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