Numbers – Cardinal Numerals

Numbers – Cardinal Numerals

What do they do?

Cardinal numbers simply indicate the number of people, animals or things.
Eu tenho três irmãosI have three brothers
Ela tem dez pássarosShe has ten birds
Vocês compram vinte laranjasYou buy twenty oranges

Invariable, except…

The majority of Cardinal numbers are invariable, however, um one, dois two and the centenashundreds, starting at 200, do depend on the gender of the noun.

Um copo One glassUma mesa One table

Dois carrosTwo carsDuas casasTwo houses

Duzentos eurosTwo hundred eurosDuzentas formigasTwo hundred ants

Cem or Cento?

Cem Hundred is used when it comes before a noun or when talking about higher quantities.
 
Cem pássarosHundred birds
Cem mil dólaresHundred thousand dollars
However, when is followed by another numeral, an inferior one, we use cento.

Cento e dezHundred and then

Cento e vinteHundred and twenty

etc…

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