Category Archives: Uncategorized

Storage, Tools And Cooking

February 28, 2019

Food Storage When it comes to storing and/or preserving food, there are various different places you can use. It mostly depends on the space you have and what you use most, of course. Food that can be stored at room temperature – you can put it in the , in the or right on the […]

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Food Vocabulary – Main Food Groups

February 27, 2019

Food groups are convenient to help us learn food-related vocabulary in a more organized way. Dairy Products – Laticínios Portuguese Term English Translation leite milk iogurte yogurt queijo cheese manteiga butter gelado ice cream nata cream Leite, iogurte and queijo take part in many Portuguese people’s breakfasts and snacks. Queijo, in particular, is very appreciated and […]

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Describing Food

February 23, 2019

Being the food lovers that we are, we use lots of different expressions in Portuguese to describe the food we eat or how we feel about eating it. Hunger and Satisfaction For starters, in Portugal we start thinking about food when we have hunger or when we are with hunger. In Portuguese, this translates to , or . […]

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Portuguese Prepositions – Com

February 23, 2019

One very common Portuguese preposition is .   Like all prepositions, it’s an invariable word which is placed before a noun in a phrase. Com is used to: Indicate people or things that are currently together: Say what someone or something has: Say what someone or something uses: Describe an emotion or state: Though com is […]

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Basic Courtesy Expressions

January 31, 2019

Just like its people, Portuguese is a very courteous language. Below are just some of the ways in which to express basic, everyday courtesy in Portuguese: Please In Portuguese, please can be or . They’re both equally correct and used in the same situations. Example: We Portuguese tend to shorten words whenever we can. So don’t be […]

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Forming Negative Phrases – Não, Nada, Nenhum, Ninguém

January 31, 2019

Making negative statements and asking questions in Portuguese is fairly easy. For the most part, to make a sentence negative, you can just prefix the verb with the word não, which is the equivalent of both no and not. Examples: Não is also used at the beginning of sentences, when replying to a question: But there […]

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Saying Goodbye in European Portuguese

January 31, 2019

You have many ways of saying goodbye in European Portuguese, depending on who you are talking to and how long it will be until you see them again.

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Plurals in Portuguese

October 27, 2018

A challenging part of learning Portuguese is realizing that some words need to be adjusted to agree with the gender and number of the people or objects we are talking about. Right now, we’ll take a look at which types of words change, and which ones stay the same. Invariable and Variable Classes of Words The […]

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Dining Out In Portugal

October 27, 2018

Whether you’re just visiting or planning to live in Portugal, learning some food vocabulary is going to be pretty important! 😆 Let’s start with … Breakfast & Coffee There are and , which are often part of the same establishment, for snacks and light meals. This is where you’ll go for or . Perhaps you’ll […]

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Essential Conjunctions – E, Mas, Ou

October 27, 2018

There are 3 essential conjunctions that you’ll need to start forming more complex sentences: These 3 are called coordinative conjunctions (conjunções coordenativas), because they combine multiple independent phrases into one. You’ll learn more conjunctions later, but for now, we’ll start with these 3 essentials. 1) “E” – Essential Additive Conjunction The conjunction e is used to […]

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Bom/Boa/Mau/Má (Good/Bad) vs. Bem/Mal (Well/Badly)

July 26, 2018

These two pairs of words are very similar, but they’re not interchangeable. The first group are adjectives, which modify nouns, (people / places / things): On the other hand,  and are usually used as adverbs. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives as well as other adverbs. Notice how bom (adjective) modifies telemóvel (noun), while bem (adverb) modifies funciona (verb). Here, boa […]

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BONUS: Palavras Japonesas Inspiradas na Língua Portuguesa

July 10, 2018
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After listening to our last podcast on foreign words derived from Portuguese, a Japanese member, Ryoko, came to our rescue with recordings of every Japanese word we mentioned, plus a bunch of new ones for good measure. Join us as we explore surprising similarities between Japanese and Portuguese in this bonus episode! (“Arigato” once again […]

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Present Continuous in Portuguese

June 1, 2018

When we talk about actions that are happening right at the time of speaking, we use the present continuous. To tackle this topic, it’s helpful to first take a look at how it works in English… Here’s how present continuous looks when talking about yourself: I am + verb ending in -ing “I am” comes from […]

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Expressing Quantities – Muito, Pouco, Algum

May 1, 2018

The following three simple words are used to express quantities in Portuguese: . When describing items you can count (which usually end in “-s” in English as well as Portuguese), muito, pouco and algum all change according to gender and quantity: With uncountable nouns (such as virtues, qualities or time, which usually don’t end is “-s” […]

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First Look at Portuguese Adjectives

May 1, 2018

Adjetivos
Adjectives
are words that describe a noun, assigning it a quality, state, appearance, etc.
These are the words that let us distinguish between um bom carro
a good car
and uma carrinha avariada
a broken van

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Dele(s) and Dela(s) vs. Seu(s) and Sua(s)

March 30, 2018

How do we decide when to use the possessive pronouns/determiners (dele, dela, deles and delas) vs. using possessive pronouns (seu, sua, seus or suas)? – When the subject is ele (him). – When the subject is ela (her). – When the subject is eles (them, a group with at least one male). – When the […]

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Third-Person Possessive Using the Preposition “De”

March 30, 2018

We’ve seen that in Portuguese, the possessive pronouns/determiners for the third person are the following: Subject Possessive Pronoun/Determiner English Equivalent Ele, Ela Seu, Sua, Seus, Suas His, Her/Hers, Your/Yours (formal) Eles, Elas Seu, Sua, Seus, Suas Their, Theirs Because the exact same pronouns are used for several different subjects, that can create some ambiguity. To […]

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Introduction to Possessive Pronouns

March 30, 2018

In this unit, we’re going to learn about possessive pronouns. Possessive pronouns (pronomes possessivos), such as mine, yours and his/hers, are how we express possession or ownership of something. Let’s see a few examples: You can see that we convey ownership without telling exactly what that ownership is about. Pronouns and Determiners When these words fully […]

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Possessive Pronouns/Determiners – Meu, Teu, Nosso, Vosso

March 10, 2018

The first group of possessive pronouns and determiners we’ll look at are the pronouns/determiners meu, teu, nosso and vosso, plus their feminine and plural forms. Subject Possessive Pronoun/Determiner English Equivalent Eu Meu, Minha, Meus, Minhas My, Mine Tu Teu, Tua, Teus, Tuas Your, Yours (singular) Nós Nosso, Nossa, Nossos, Nossas Our, Ours Vós, Vocês Vosso, Vossa, […]

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Ser vs. Estar – Two Ways of Being

March 10, 2018

At this point, you’re probably a bit familiar with the verbs ser
to be permanent state
and estar
to be temporary state
. And yet, sometimes, you might still be getting them mixed up! Worry not: in this unit, you’ll learn exactly how to use one and the other.

A Basic Distinction: Ser vs Estar

The basic distinction between the two is pretty simple at first:

  • Ser is used to describe permanent states or conditions. It refers to an immutable or long-lasting attribute of the person or object we’re describing. Here’s the verb conjugated in the present tense (presente do indicativo):
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Possessive Pronouns/Determiners – Seu, Seus, Sua, Suas

June 18, 2017

There are just a few more pronouns/determiners to learn: Subject Possessive Pronoun/Determiner English Equivalent Ele, Ela, Você Seu, Sua, Seus, Suas His, Her/Hers, Your/Yours (formal) Eles, Elas Seu, Sua, Seus, Suas Their, Theirs See what happens there? The pronouns/determiners for the third-person singular (and formal second-person singular) and the third-person plural are all the same! […]

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How to Address People Formally vs. Informally

May 31, 2017

Grammatically, it doesn’t take too long to learn about the basics of how to address someone formally or informally. But the most challenging aspects for have to do with some of the decisions you’ll need to make on a social level – not only of when it’s best to speak to someone formally, but choosing between […]

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